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The endogenous cannabinoid anandamide (AEA) is transported into cells by a temperature-sensitive process of facilitated diffusion. This uptake process has been characterised both biochemically and pharmacologically, and shown to be regulated at least in part by the intracellular metabolism of the accumulated AEA by fatty acid amide hydrolase. In this(More)
The effects of the endocannabinoids anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) upon rat C6 glioma cell proliferation were examined and compared with a series of synthetic cannabinoids and related compounds. Cells were treated with the compounds each day and cell proliferation was monitored for up to 5 days of exposure. AEA time- and(More)
Since the discovery of anandamide in 1992, our knowledge of the endocannabinoid system and its physiological effects has increased greatly, not the least as a result of the availability of compounds affecting endocannabinoid function. In the present review, the pharmacology of the endocannabinoid system is discussed. At present, there are no compounds(More)
The pharmacological properties of brain cannabinoid receptors were investigated in brains of 35 day-old chickens, since little is known about the avian cannabinoid system. The cannabinoid1 receptor-selective antagonist ligand [3H]SR 141716A bound to chicken brain membranes with K(D) and Bmax values of 0.92+/-0.28 nM and 790+/-58 fmol/mg protein,(More)
Cannabinoids, as a result of their ability to activate cannabinoid CB1 receptors, have been shown to possess neuroprotective properties in vivo. In vitro studies into neuroprotective effects mediated by CB1 receptors have in general used primary neuronal cultures derived from embryonic rodents. In the present study, we have investigated whether embryonic(More)
In vivo microdialysis and EEG recording have been used in order to study the combined neurochemical and electrophysiological events during intoxication with soman (o-1,2,2-trimethylpropyl methylphosphono-fluoridate), a potent inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), in the freely moving rat. All rats exposed to soman exhibited signs of AChE inhibition. The(More)
We have investigated the effect of soman-induced seizures on rat brain levels of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) 30 min and 24 h after intoxication. Following administration of soman (90 microg/kg s.c.), acetylcholinesterase activity was reduced to <10% of control after 30 min, whereas some de novo synthesis had occurred after 24 h.(More)
BACKGROUND There is good evidence in the literature that the cannabinoid system is disturbed in colorectal cancer. In the present study, we have investigated whether CB(1) receptor immunoreactive intensity (CB(1)IR intensity) is associated with disease severity and outcome. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS CB(1)IR was assessed in formalin-fixed,(More)
Compounds blocking the uptake of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide (AEA) have been used to explore the functions of the endogenous cannabinoid system in the CNS both in vivo and in vitro. In this study, the effects of four commonly used acyl-based uptake inhibitors [N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)arachidonylamide (AM404), N-(4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl) arachidonoyl(More)
Although primary neuronal cell cultures, usually obtained from embryonic or early postnatal rodents, have been used in vitro to study the neural cannabinoid signalling system, development of cell lines with neural properties exhibiting native expression of cannabinoid receptors is desirable. This study was undertaken to investigate the expression of CB1 and(More)