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An IgG1 monoclonal antibody, Sulph I, reacting with sulphatide (3'-sulphogalactosylceramide), was produced by immunizing Balb/c mice with that glycolipid coated on Salmonella minnesota bacterial membrane. Radioimmunodetection of the binding of the monoclonal antibody to structurally related glycolipids adsorbed to microtitre plates or chromatographed on(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and other reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among pregnant women in Moshi, Tanzania and to compare the occurrence of STIs/RTIs among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and uninfected women. METHODS Pregnant women in their 3rd trimester (N = 2654) were recruited(More)
Urine within the urinary tract is commonly regarded as "sterile" in cultivation terms. Here, we present a comprehensive in-depth study of bacterial 16S rDNA sequences associated with urine from healthy females by means of culture-independent high-throughput sequencing techniques. Sequencing of the V1V2 and V6 regions of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene using the(More)
Prevalence of antibody to herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 was assessed in consecutive serum samples from a total of 3700 women pregnant in 1969, 1983, or 1989 from the same catchment area in Stockholm. There was little change in seroprevalence of antibody to herpes simplex type 1 in the 3 groups, but age-adjusted herpes simplex virus type 2 antibody(More)
By using a lectin-based screening method for cell-dependent variations of O-glycosylation of viral glycoprotein, we found that O-linked oligosaccharides of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) glycoproteins in virus-infected mouse neuroblastoma (C1300) cells differed from those of HSV glycoproteins produced in other cells. Thus, O-linked oligosaccharides of(More)
Glycoprotein G is a major target for the humoral immune response against herpes simplex virus (HSV) and a prototype antigen for type-specific serodiagnosis discriminating HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections. The mature part of HSV-2 glycoprotein G-2 (gG-2) contains a unique stretch suspected to mediate type specificity, and in addition a region homologous to HSV-1(More)
There has been a recent increase in notifications of genital herpes but it is not known whether this has been reflected in the pregnant population. We have therefore carried out a study to determine the prevalence of herpes simplex antibodies in pregnant women and to estimate the incidence of primary infection. Sera were collected from 3533 women at(More)
Results demonstrating involvement of glycoprotein C (gC) of herpes simplex type 1 virus (HSV-1) in attachment of the virus to the cell are presented. Monoclonal antibodies against gC-1 inhibited adsorption of gC+-strains. The gC−-mutant, MP, attached to cells but at a reduced rate. Attachment of the MP-mutant was unaffected by presence of anti-gC-1(More)
We have previously shown that the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-specified glycoprotein C (gC-1) produced in epitheloid cells contains epitopes of peptide nature, which are dependent on galactose of oligosaccharides for their expression. In the present communication we report that these epitopes are expressed in a mouse neuroblastoma cell line (C1300)(More)
Helix pomatia lectin-purified antigens with specific reactivity to herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and HSV-2 antibodies in human sera were used in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The type specificity of the antigens was assessed by double immunodiffusion precipitation in gel against rabbit HSV-1 and HSV-2 hyperimmune sera, and by enzyme-linked(More)