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Computer tomography (CT) presents a method of determining longitudinal axis vertebral rotation and vertebral, spinal, and rib case deformity. Different rotation angles, distances, and indexes are defined and discussed. Radiation risks were evaluated and considered exceedingly small when compared to the ordinary spinal anteroposterior radiograph. In a model(More)
The effect on pulmonary function of all three dimensions of the scoliotic deformity was analyzed with computer tomography in 33 patients with thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Both static (total lung capacity [TLC], vital capacity [VC] and functional residual capacity [FRC] ) and dynamic volumes (forced expiratory volumes in one second [FEV-1]) were negatively(More)
In a prospective randomized study the effect of the use of an intraoperative indwelling urethral catheter (IUC) on urinary complications was investigated in patients undergoing spinal fusion. Two groups were formed; 16 patients received an intraoperative IUC and 16 patients had no intraoperative catheter (NC). All patients were, if necessary, intermittently(More)
The spinal mobility and sagittal configuration in 96 scoliotic patients treated according to Harrington were investigated with a Debrunner kyphometer and a Myrin inclinometer. The more distal the fusion limit in the lumbar spine, the more reduced was the lumbar lordosis and flexion. The patients' own estimation of lumbar rigidity and pain, scored on visual(More)
The effects of Harrington instrumentation on the longitudinal axis rotation of the vertebra, the kyphosis-lordosis, and the rib-cage deformity were investigated by computer tomography in 33 patients. No significant derotation was achieved. The sagittal diameter of the rib cage was reduced significantly with distraction rod instrumentation and further by(More)
The results of spinal fusion in patients with paralytic deformities are usually presented as the correction of the deformity. When evaluating the surgical results in such patients, it is advantageous to classify the patients into subgroups because of the varying dysfunction and disabilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of spinal fusion(More)
The long-term effect of Boston brace treatment was investigated by computed tomography measurements before treatment, after bracing, and at mean follow-up at 8.5 years in 25 patients with idiopathic scoliosis. At follow-up, the pretreatment Cobb angle, the vertebral rotation, the rib hump, and the translation of the apical vertebra were not significantly(More)
The hypothesis, advanced on the basis of experimental and clinical observations, that asymmetric growth of the ribs may be the primary cause of the thoracospinal deformity at least in some cases of right convex, thoracic, idiopathic scoliosis finds further support in the results of the anthropometric studies referred to below. There is also the possibility(More)