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The aim of this study was to identify the consequences of healthcare-associated infections in Norwegian nursing homes, to include debilitation, hospital transfer and mortality. We followed the residents of six nursing homes in two major cities in Norway during the period October 2004 to March 2005. For each resident with infection we randomly selected two(More)
  • D. S. Holsen, S. Harthug, H. Myrmel
  • 1993
A study was performed in order to determine the prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies, the risk factors for HCV infection and the markers of hepatic disease in a population of prisoners. Of 101 new prisoners admitted to a Norwegian national prison over a three month period, 70 were included in the study, of whom 32 (46 %) were anti-HCV(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been a major cause of post transfusion hepatitis, and is still an important cause of chronic liver disease throughout the world. How to treat patients with chronic HCV infection has been brought into focus in recent years, and a substantial amount of data has been obtained about the development of hepatitis C with and without(More)
BACKGROUND Bloodstream infection is a common cause of hospitalization, morbidity and death in children. The impact of antimicrobial resistance and HIV infection on outcome is not firmly established. METHODS We assessed the incidence of bloodstream infection and risk factors for fatal outcome in a prospective cohort study of 1828 consecutive admissions of(More)
All episodes of bloodstream infection in patients admitted to a Norwegian university hospital in 1974-1979 and in 1988-1989 were analyzed; altogether, there were 1,447 episodes involving 1,286 patients, and 54.3% of all episodes were hospital-acquired. The incidence of bloodstream infection increased between the two periods studied from 4.26/1,000(More)
BACKGROUND Positive changes in safety culture have been hypothesized to be one of the mechanisms behind the reduction in mortality and morbidity after the introduction of the World Health Organization's Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC). We aimed to study the checklist effects on safety culture perceptions in operating theatre personnel using a prospective(More)
Knowledge of infection control measures in nursing homes is limited. This study aimed to assess the incidence of, and potential risk factors for, healthcare-associated infection in long-term care facilities in Norway. Incidence of healthcare-associated infection was recorded prospectively in six long-term care facilities located in two major cities in(More)
We determined the species distribution and prevalence of ampicillin resistance, high-level gentamicin resistance (HLGR) and vancomycin resistance among clinical enterococcal isolates from five Nordic laboratories (Bergen, Tromsø, Uppsala, Aarhus and Reykjavik). Isolates represented three different groups: (i) all blood culture isolates from 1999; (ii)(More)
BACKGROUND How hospital health care personnel perceive safety climate has been assessed in several countries by using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety (HSOPS). Few studies have examined safety climate factors in surgical departments per se. This study examined the psychometric properties of a Norwegian translation of the HSOPS and also compared safety(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance to third generation cephalosporins due to acquisition and expression of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) enzymes among Gram-negative bacteria is on the increase. Presence of ESBL producing organisms has been reported to significantly affect the course and outcome of an infection. Therefore infections due to ESBL isolates(More)