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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been a major cause of post transfusion hepatitis, and is still an important cause of chronic liver disease throughout the world. How to treat patients with chronic HCV infection has been brought into focus in recent years, and a substantial amount of data has been obtained about the development of hepatitis C with and without(More)
The aim of this study was to identify the consequences of healthcare-associated infections in Norwegian nursing homes, to include debilitation, hospital transfer and mortality. We followed the residents of six nursing homes in two major cities in Norway during the period October 2004 to March 2005. For each resident with infection we randomly selected two(More)
Knowledge of infection control measures in nursing homes is limited. This study aimed to assess the incidence of, and potential risk factors for, healthcare-associated infection in long-term care facilities in Norway. Incidence of healthcare-associated infection was recorded prospectively in six long-term care facilities located in two major cities in(More)
All episodes of bloodstream infection in patients admitted to a Norwegian university hospital in 1974-1979 and in 1988-1989 were analyzed; altogether, there were 1,447 episodes involving 1,286 patients, and 54.3% of all episodes were hospital-acquired. The incidence of bloodstream infection increased between the two periods studied from 4.26/1,000(More)
BACKGROUND Bloodstream infection is a common cause of hospitalization, morbidity and death in children. The impact of antimicrobial resistance and HIV infection on outcome is not firmly established. METHODS We assessed the incidence of bloodstream infection and risk factors for fatal outcome in a prospective cohort study of 1828 consecutive admissions of(More)
BACKGROUND Positive changes in safety culture have been hypothesized to be one of the mechanisms behind the reduction in mortality and morbidity after the introduction of the World Health Organization's Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC). We aimed to study the checklist effects on safety culture perceptions in operating theatre personnel using a prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance to third generation cephalosporins due to acquisition and expression of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) enzymes among Gram-negative bacteria is on the increase. Presence of ESBL producing organisms has been reported to significantly affect the course and outcome of an infection. Therefore infections due to ESBL isolates(More)
Patients with chronic hepatitis C respond differently when treated with interferon. We randomized 116 patients with chronic hepatitis C in order to compare two dosage regimens of recombinant interferon alpha 2a:3 MIU x 3 per week for 6 months (arm A) or 6 MIU x 3 per week for 3 months and then 3 MIU x 3 per week for 3 months (arm B). There were no(More)
BACKGROUND An association between use of hand hygiene products and health care-associated infection rates was investigated in a large Norwegian university hospital. METHODS We conducted an ecologic study by combining data from purchasing and admission systems with data from 32 point prevalence surveys (27,248 patients) in 1998-2005. Data on purchase of(More)
A study was performed in order to determine the prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies, the risk factors for HCV infection and the markers of hepatic disease in a population of prisoners. Of 101 new prisoners admitted to a Norwegian national prison over a three month period, 70 were included in the study, of whom 32 (46%) were anti-HCV(More)