Stewart W. Schneller

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Cellular messenger RNA (mRNA) of higher eukaryotes and many viral RNAs are methylated at the N-7 and 2'-O positions of the 5' guanosine cap by specific nuclear and cytoplasmic methyltransferases (MTases), respectively. Whereas N-7 methylation is essential for RNA translation and stability, the function of 2'-O methylation has remained uncertain since its(More)
A synthetic route to (1S,2S,3R,5S)-3-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-5-fluorocyclopentane-1,2-diol (that is, the 4'-fluoro derivative of 4'-deoxy-5'-noraristeromycin, 3) is described via a fluorinated cyclopentanol, which is in contrast to existing schemes where fluorination occurred once the purine ring was present. Compound 3 was assayed versus a number of(More)
BACKGROUND A growing number of arenaviruses can cause a devastating viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) syndrome. They pose a public health threat as emerging viruses and because of their potential use as bioterror agents. All of the highly pathogenic New World arenaviruses (NWA) phylogenetically segregate into clade B and require maximum biosafety containment(More)
Bluetongue virus (BTV), a member in the family Reoviridae, is a re-emerging animal disease infecting cattle and sheep. With its recent outbreaks in Europe, there is a pressing need for efficacious antivirals. We presented here the identification and characterization of a novel virostatic molecule against BTV, an aminothiophenecarboxylic acid derivative(More)
The binding affinities at rat A1, A2a, and A3 adenosine receptors of a wide range of derivatives of adenosine have been determined. Sites of modification include the purine moiety (1-, 3-, and 7-deaza; halo, alkyne, and amino substitutions at the 2- and 8-positions; and N6-CH2-ring, -hydrazino, and -hydroxylamino) and the ribose moiety (2'-, 3'-, and(More)
The linear and proximal benzo-separated analogues of 7-benzyl-3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, 3-isobutyl-1,8-dimethylxanthine, 3-isobutyl-8-tert-butyl-1-methylxanthine, 3-isobutyl-8-(methoxymethyl)-1-methylxanthine , and 1-isoamyl-3-isobutylxanthine have been prepared and assayed as inhibitors of the peak I and peak II forms of cyclic nucleotide(More)
Despite intense efforts to increase vaccine coverage, measles virus (MV) still causes significant morbidity and mortality in the world, sometimes as the result of severe, chronic, lethal disease. In an effort to develop therapies to supplement immunization strategies, a number of 5'-nor carbocyclic adenosine analogues were evaluated for anti-MV activity in(More)
For the preparation of a carbocyclic nitrogen analogue of S-adenosylmethionine (carba-AdoazaMet, 4), a practical synthesis of (-)-aristeromycin (7) has been developed using variations of literature procedures. This approach called for a stereospecific synthesis of (3aR,6aR)-2,2-dimethyl-3a,6a-dihydrocyclopenta[1,3]dioxol-4-one ((4R,(More)
Formycin is a naturally occurring biologically responsive C-nucleoside. In pursuing the design and syntheses of novel C-nucleosides, convenient access to carbocyclic C-nucleosides based on the formycin framework was a goal. One such target was carbocyclic 4'-epiformycin (4). This compound is reported via a procedure based on an asymmetric aldol/ring closure(More)