Evidence-based decision-making is critical for implementing conservation actions, especially for human-wildlife conflicts, which have been increasing worldwide. Conservation practitioners recognize that long-term solutions should include altering human behaviors, and public education and enforcement of wildlife-related laws are two management actions… (More)
Wild and domestic ungulates modify their behaviour in the presence of olfactory and visual cues of predators but investigations have not exposed a domestic species to a series of cues representing various predators and other ungulate herbivores. We used wolf (Canis lupus), mountain lion (Puma concolor), and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) stimuli (olfactory… (More)
Trans fatty acids provide evidence of anthropogenic feeding by black bears" (2008). Human–Wildlife Interactions. Paper 57.
The rapid expansion of global urban development is increasing opportunities for wildlife to forage and become dependent on anthropogenic resources. Wildlife using urban areas are often perceived dichotomously as urban or not, with some individuals removed in the belief that dependency on anthropogenic resources is irreversible and can lead to increased… (More)
Special thanks to The Bailey Wildlife Foundation for their generous support of proactive projects and research and to the Sand Dollar Foundation for underwriting a 2006 workshop on nonlethal methods and the development of this guide. Defenders of Wildlife is a national, nonprofit membership organization dedicated to the protection of all native wild animals… (More)
Keywords: American black bear Aversive conditioning treatments Foraging theory Urban ecology Ursus americanus a b s t r a c t Human-dominated landscapes offer spatially concentrated and reliable food resources that attract wildlife and lead to human–wildlife conflicts. Conflict management is often directed at humans (e.g., education) to reduce attractants,… (More)
As more research focuses on behavioral syndromes and their role in ecological and evolutionary processes, it is imperative that methods to test behavior are valid. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess behavior in captive coyotes (Canis latrans) using three methods [agitation scores, novel object test, and flight-initiation distance (FID)] and (2)… (More)