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The present study utilized a novel behavioral preparation to measure differences in orolingual motor function between young (6 months) and aged (24 months) Fischer 344 (F344) rats. Rats were trained to lick an isometric force-sensing operandum for water reinforcement so that the number of licks per session, licking rhythm and lick force could be compared(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) supports the viability of midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons that degenerate in Parkinson's disease. Middle-aged, 12 month old, Gdnf heterozygous (Gdnf(+/-)) mice have diminished spontaneous locomotor activity and enhanced synaptosomal DA uptake compared with wild type mice. In this study, dopamine transporter(More)
Children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have smaller cerebellar volumes, particularly in the posterior-inferior cerebellar vermis (lobules VIII-X). Functional activation of the human cerebellar vermis following stimulant administration has also been repeatedly demonstrated. There is no well-characterized dopaminergic(More)
In this study, 17-23 year old Rhesus monkeys were used as an early model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Four animals received chronic infusions of GDNF and four received vehicle infusions into the right putamen via programmable pumps for 8 weeks. Weekly videotaping was performed to record general motor performance and a monkey movement analysis panel (mMAP)(More)
The neurorestorative effects of exogenous neurturin (NTN) delivered directly into the putamen via multiport catheters were studied in 10 MPTP-lesioned rhesus monkeys expressing stable parkinsonism. The parkinsonian animals were blindly assigned to receive coded solutions containing either vehicle (n = 5) or NTN (n = 5, 30 microg/day). Both solutions were(More)
A novel force plate actometer was used to measure locomotor activity and gait in young (6 months) versus aged (24 months) Fischer 344 rats. The actometer revealed altered gait in the aged rats in the absence of decreased locomotor activity. The catecholamine uptake inhibitor, nomifensine increased locomotor activity in both groups and exacerbated the gait(More)
Dopamine D4 receptor (D4R) knockout mice (D4R-/-) provided for unique neurochemical studies designed to understand D4R contributions to dopamine (DA) regulation. In this study, post-mortem brain tissue content of DA did not differ between D4R+/+ and D4R-/- mice in the striatum (Str) or nucleus accumbens core (NAc). However, there was a significant decrease(More)
Abnormal iron accumulations are frequently observed in the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease and in normal aging. Iron metabolism is regulated in the CNS by iron regulatory proteins (IRP-1 and IRP-2). Mice engineered to lack IRP-2 develop abnormal motoric behaviors including tremors at rest, abnormal gait, and bradykinesia at middle to late age(More)
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