Stewart N. Loh

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The p53 DNA binding domain (DBD) contains a single bound zinc ion that is essential for activity. Zinc remains bound to wild-type DBD at temperatures below 30 degrees C; however, it rapidly dissociates at physiological temperature. The resulting zinc-free protein (apoDBD) is folded and stable. NMR spectra reveal that the DNA binding surface is altered in(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor is a transcription factor that contains a single zinc ion near its DNA binding interface. Zn(2+) is required for site-specific DNA binding and proper transcriptional activation. In addition to its functional significance, zinc plays a dominant role in determining whether p53 folds productively or misfolds. Insufficient zinc and(More)
In the present study we have used high hydrostatic pressure coupled with either time-resolved and steady-state fluorescence or NMR spectroscopy in order to investigate the effects of amino acid substitutions on the high-pressure denaturation properties of staphylococcal nuclease. This protein has been shown previously to be structurally heterogeneous in its(More)
Many proteins are built from structurally and functionally distinct domains. A major goal is to understand how conformational change transmits information between domains in order to achieve biological activity. A two-domain, bi-functional fusion protein has been designed so that the mechanical stress imposed by the folded structure of one subunit causes(More)
The exchange kinetics of over 70% of the 143 backbone amide hydrogens in staphylococcal nuclease H124L (nuclease H124L), both in its unligated state and in its ternary complex with Ca2+ and thymidine 3',5'-bisphosphate, have been quantified by nitrogen-15 resolved proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Protection factors for the slowly exchanging(More)
The DNA-binding domain (DBD) of wild-type p53 loses DNA binding activity spontaneously at 37 degrees C in vitro, despite being thermodynamically stable at this temperature. We test the hypothesis that this property is due to kinetic misfolding of DBD. Interrupted folding experiments and chevron analysis show that native molecules are formed via four tracks(More)
A regulatory mechanism is introduced whereupon the catalytic activity of a given enzyme is controlled by ligand binding to a receptor domain of choice. A small enzyme (barnase) and a ligand-binding polypeptide (GCN4) are fused so that a simple topological constraint prevents them from existing simultaneously in their folded states. The two domains(More)
The spectra of equilibrium chain conformation fluctuations of apomyoglobin (apoMb) as a function of folding, from the acid-denatured state at pH 2.6 through the stable molten globule state pH approximately 4.1 to the folded state at pH 6.3, are reported, as measured by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy. The conformational fluctuations, which are(More)
Alternate frame folding (AFF) is a novel mechanism by which allostery can be introduced into a protein where none may have existed previously. We employ this technology to convert the cytotoxic ribonuclease barnase into an artificial zymogen that is activated by HIV-1 protease. The AFF modification entails partial duplication of the polypeptide chain and(More)
The DNA binding domain (DBD) of p53 folds by a complex mechanism that involves parallel pathways and multiple intermediates, both on- and off-pathway. This heterogeneity renders DBD particularly susceptible to misfolding and aggregation. The origins of parallel folding mechanisms are not well understood. DBD folding heterogeneity may be caused by the(More)