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The Wright--Fisher model and its approximating diffusion model are compared in terms of the expected value of a smooth but arbitrary function of nth-generation gene frequency. In the absence of selection, this expectation is shown to differ in the two models by at most a linear combination (with coefficients depending only on the derivatives of the smooth(More)
Petrov constructed a diffusion process in the compact Kingman simplex whose unique stationary distribution is the two-parameter Poisson–Dirichlet distribution of Pitman and Yor. We show that the subset of the simplex comprising vectors whose coordinates sum to 1 is the natural state space for the process. In fact, the complementary set acts like an entrance(More)
That there exist two losing games that can be combined, either by random mixture or by nonran-dom alternation, to form a winning game is known as Parrondo's paradox. We establish a strong law of large numbers and a central limit theorem for the Parrondo player's sequence of profits, both in a one-parameter family of capital-dependent games and in a(More)
There are many situations in which grain distributions resulting from in situ hybridization of radioactively labeled probes to unique genes should be subjected to a statistical analysis. However, the problems posed by analysis of in situ hybridization data are not straightforward, and no completely satisfying method is currently available. We have developed(More)
A formula for the number of toroidal m × n binary arrays, allowing rotation of the rows and/or the columns but not reflection, is known. Here we find a formula for the number of toroidal m × n binary arrays, allowing rotation and/or reflection of the rows and/or the columns.
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