Stewart I. Bailey

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STUDY DESIGN A biomechanical analysis of soft-tissue restraints to passive motion in odontoid fractures. OBJECTIVE To quantify the role of the C1-C2 facet joint capsules and anterior longitudinal ligaments (ALLs) in the setting of a type II odontoid fracture in the elderly. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The odontoid process itself is the primary stabilizer(More)
OBJECT The authors compared the outcome of patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures treated with and without a thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO). METHODS As of June 2002, all consecutive patients satisfying the following inclusion criteria were considered eligible for this study: 1) the presence of an AO Classification Type A3 burst fractures between(More)
The Universal Spine System (USS) pedicle hook design includes a fixation screw that passes obliquely in the anterocranial direction in the pedicle. The addition of the fixation screw was to address concerns with rotation of the hook and hook disengagement. This study was designed to evaluate the safety of the USS screw locked pedicle hook. Eleven cadaveric(More)
Six cases of acute postdiscectomy cauda equina syndrome (C.E.S.) following lumbar discectomy were reviewed retrospectively in a series of 2842 lumbar discectomies over a ten-year period. Five cases had coexisting bony spinal stenosis at the level of the disc protrusion. The bony spinal stenosis was not decompressed at the time of discectomy. Inadequate(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Unilateral facet disruptions are relatively common in the cervical spine; however, the spectrum of injury is large, and little is known regarding the magnitude of instability expected to be present in an isolated posterior osteoligamentous injury. PURPOSE To quantify the contribution of the posterior osteoligamentous structures to(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Thoracolumbar burst fractures have good outcomes when treated with early ambulation and orthosis (TLSO). If equally good outcomes could be achieved with early ambulation and no brace, resource utilization would be decreased, especially in developing countries where prolonged bed rest is the default option because bracing is not available(More)
BACKGROUND Unilateral cervical spine facet injuries encompass a wide spectrum, including subluxations, dislocations, and fractures, and the instability produced varies greatly. The extent of anatomical disruption secondary to a unilateral facet injury is poorly understood, and few biomechanical studies have quantified the associated kinematics. The purpose(More)
Anterior bone grafts of 24 injured cervical spines were reviewed with respect to early postoperative instability and eventual malunion. Spinal redislocation or graft extrusion occurred in 21% representing failure to attain early stability. In 38%, the late complication of kyphotic malunion occurred, averaging 21%. The Yale instability criteria were(More)
Traumatic injury can cause a systemic inflammatory response, increasing oxidative activity of circulating leukocytes and potentially exacerbating the original injury, as well as causing damage to initially unaffected organs. Although the importance of intraspinal inflammation after human spinal cord injury is appreciated, the role of the systemic(More)
This study performed a thorough review of the pertinent thoracic spine anatomy to determine the appropriate landmarks for extrapedicular screw placement and indentified the anatomic structures at risk; assessed the safety and accuracy of the newly proposed screw insertion technique; determined the stability and strength of this new screw position through(More)