Stewart B. Kirton

Learn More
The cytochromes P450 (P450s) are a family of heme-containing monooxygenase enzymes involved in a variety of functions, including the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous substances in the human body. During lead optimization, and in drug development, many potential drug candidates are rejected because of the affinity they display for drug-metabolising(More)
The superfamily of enzymes known as the cytochromes P450 (P450s) comprises a wide-ranging class of proteins with diverse functions. They are known, amongst other things, to be involved in the hormonal regulation of metabolism and reproduction, as well as having a major clinical significance through their association with diseases such as cancer, diabetes(More)
Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) metabolizes approximately one third of the drugs in current clinical use. To gain insight into its structure and function, we have produced four different sets of comparative models of 2D6: one based on the structures of P450s from four different microorganisms (P450 terp, P450 eryF, P450 cam, and P450 BM3), another on the only(More)
The General Solubility Equation (GSE) is a QSPR model based on the melting point and log P of a chemical substance. It is used to predict the aqueous solubility of nonionizable chemical compounds. However, its reliance on experimentally derived descriptors, particularly melting point, limits its applicability to virtual compounds. The studies presented show(More)
A large number of computational methodologies have been used to predict, and thus help explain, the metabolism catalysed by the enzymes of the cytochrome P450 superfamily (P450s). A summary of the methodologies and resulting models is presented. This shows that investigations so far have focused on just a few of the many P450s, mainly those that are(More)
Reflex is a recent algorithm in the de novo ligand design software, SkelGen, that allows the flexibility of amino acid side chains in a protein to be taken into account during the drug-design process. In this paper the impact of flexibility on the solutions generated by the de novo design algorithm, when applied to carboxypeptidase A, acetylcholinesterase,(More)
The recent lapse in productivity in the pharmaceutical industry has facilitated the emergence of experimental and in silico structure-based design methodologies, based on identification of biologically active low molecular weight fragments that can be exploited to produce potential drug candidates with diverse chemistries. SkelGen, an in silico example of(More)
Comparative modeling of the DNA-binding domain of human HSF1 facilitated the prediction of possible binding pockets for small molecules and definition of corresponding pharmacophores. In silico screening of a large library of lead-like compounds identified a set of compounds that satisfied the pharmacophoric criteria, a selection of which compounds was(More)
INTRODUCTION Cathinones are one of the most popular categories of new psychoactive substances (NPS) consumed. Cathinones have different pharmacological activities and receptor selectivity for monoamine transporters based on their chemical structures. They are incorporated into NPS mixtures and used with other NPS or 'traditional' drugs. Cathinone use(More)
St. John's wort (SJW) (Hypericum perforatum) is a herbal remedy commonly used to treat mild depression. The elemental profiles of 54 samples (i.e., dry herbs, tablets and capsules) were evaluated by monitoring 25 elements using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The major elemental constituents in the SJW samples were Ca(More)