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The superfamily of enzymes known as the cytochromes P450 (P450s) comprises a wide-ranging class of proteins with diverse functions. They are known, amongst other things, to be involved in the hormonal regulation of metabolism and reproduction, as well as having a major clinical significance through their association with diseases such as cancer, diabetes(More)
Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) metabolizes approximately one third of the drugs in current clinical use. To gain insight into its structure and function, we have produced four different sets of comparative models of 2D6: one based on the structures of P450s from four different microorganisms (P450 terp, P450 eryF, P450 cam, and P450 BM3), another on the only(More)
The cytochromes P450 (P450s) are a family of heme-containing monooxygenase enzymes involved in a variety of functions, including the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous substances in the human body. During lead optimization, and in drug development, many potential drug candidates are rejected because of the affinity they display for drug-metabolising(More)
The General Solubility Equation (GSE) is a QSPR model based on the melting point and log P of a chemical substance. It is used to predict the aqueous solubility of nonionizable chemical compounds. However, its reliance on experimentally derived descriptors, particularly melting point, limits its applicability to virtual compounds. The studies presented show(More)
Reflex is a recent algorithm in the de novo ligand design software, SkelGen, that allows the flexibility of amino acid side chains in a protein to be taken into account during the drug-design process. In this paper the impact of flexibility on the solutions generated by the de novo design algorithm, when applied to carboxypeptidase A, acetylcholinesterase,(More)
A large number of computational methodologies have been used to predict, and thus help explain, the metabolism catalysed by the enzymes of the cytochrome P450 superfamily (P450s). A summary of the methodologies and resulting models is presented. This shows that investigations so far have focused on just a few of the many P450s, mainly those that are(More)
Recently the authors published a robust QSPR model of aqueous solubility which exploited the computationally derived molecular descriptor topographical polar surface area (TPSA) alongside experimentally determined melting point and logP. This model (the "TPSA model") is able to accurately predict to within ± one log unit the aqueous solubility of 87% of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) and traditional assessment methods among recent pharmacy graduates. METHODS Individual student performance in OSCEs was compared with performance on traditional pharmacy-practice examinations at the same level of program study. RESULTS A moderate correlation was found between(More)
Dry powder inhalers are increasingly popular for delivering drugs to the lungs for the treatment of respiratory diseases, but are complex products with multivariate performance determinants. Heuristic product development guided by in vitro aerosol performance testing is a costly and time-consuming process. This study investigated the feasibility of using(More)
Comparative modeling of the DNA-binding domain of human HSF1 facilitated the prediction of possible binding pockets for small molecules and definition of corresponding pharmacophores. In silico screening of a large library of lead-like compounds identified a set of compounds that satisfied the pharmacophoric criteria, a selection of which compounds was(More)