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Previous studies of the Fear-Avoidance Model of Exaggerated Pain Perception have commonly included patients with chronic low back pain, making it difficult to determine which psychological factors led to the development of an "exaggerated pain perception". This study investigated the validity of the Fear-Avoidance Model of Exaggerated Pain Perception by(More)
UNLABELLED Biologic and psychological associations with evoked pain sensitivity have been extensively studied in healthy subjects but not among subjects with clinical pain syndromes. This study involved patients with chronic low back pain and investigated whether: 1) sex differences existed for thermal pain sensitivity; and 2) sex, fear-avoidance beliefs,(More)
UNLABELLED Pain-related fear and pain catastrophizing are 2 central psychologic factors in fear-avoidance models. Our previous studies in healthy subjects indicated that pain-related fear, but not pain catastrophizing, was associated with cold pressor pain outcomes. The current study extends previous work by investigating pain-related fear and pain(More)
STUDY DESIGN Validity and test-retest reliability of questionnaires related to the fear-avoidance model (FAM). OBJECTIVE To investigate test-retest reliability, construct redundancy, and criterion validity for 4 commonly used FAM measures. BACKGROUND Few studies have reported psychometric properties for more than 2 FAM measures within the same cohort,(More)
Temporal sensory summation of pain (TSSP) is a proxy measure of windup in humans and results in increased ratings of pain caused by a repetitive, low-frequency noxious stimulus. Aftersensations (ASs) are pain sensations that remain after TSSP has been induced. We examined the within-session and across-session variability in TSSP and AS estimation in healthy(More)
BACKGROUND There are few effective strategies reported for the primary prevention of low back pain (LBP). Core stabilization exercises targeting the deep abdominal and trunk musculature and psychosocial education programs addressing patient beliefs and coping styles represent the current best evidence for secondary prevention of low back pain. However,(More)
STUDY DESIGN Repeated measures design to examine reliability and longitudinal variation of lumbar lordosis measurement. OBJECTIVES To determine the interrater reliability, minimum detectable change (MDC) and longitudinal variation of the Cobb method for measuring lumbar lordosis using standardized rules. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The reliability of the(More)
Fear-avoidance beliefs have been identified as an important psychosocial variable in patients with chronic disability doe to low back pain. The importance of fear-avoidance beliefs for individuals with acute low back pain has not been explored. Seventy-eight subjects with work-related low back pain of less than 3 weeks'duration were studied. Measurements of(More)
BACKGROUND The underlying causes of spinal manipulation hypoalgesia are largely unknown. The beneficial clinical effects were originally theorized to be due to biomechanical changes, but recent research has suggested spinal manipulation may have a direct neurophysiological effect on pain perception through dorsal horn inhibition. This study added to this(More)
The experience of pain is believed to be influenced by social, cultural, environmental, psychological, and genetic factors. Despite this assertion, few studies have included clinically relevant pain phenotypes when investigating interactions among these variables. This study investigated whether psychological variables specific to fear-avoidance models and(More)