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OBJECTIVE To report the efficacy of titanium middle ear prosthesis for ossicular reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective chart reviews were performed for 25 patients who had undergone titanium ossicular implants between January 1, 1999, and June 1, 20001. SETTING Tertiary otology referral center. PATIENTS All patients had a minimum of 6 months of(More)
HYPOTHESIS A modiolar return electrode significantly increases the current flow across spiral ganglion cells into the modiolus, and may decrease the cochlear implant's power requirements. BACKGROUND Ideal cochlear implants should maximize current flow into the modiolus to stimulate auditory neurons. Previous efforts to facilitate current flow through the(More)
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