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By using chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) assays in neuron-derived cell lines, we show here that promoter activity associated with the herpes simplex virus type 1 latency-associated transcript (LAT) had neuronal specificity. Promoter activity in these transient CAT assays coincided with a DNA region containing excellent RNA polymerase II promoter(More)
Mutations in human SOX9 are associated with campomelic dysplasia (CD), characterised by skeletal malformation and XY sex reversal. During chondrogenesis in the mouse, Sox9 is co-expressed with Col2a1, the gene encoding type-II collagen, the major cartilage matrix protein. Col2a1 is therefore a candidate regulatory target of SOX9. Regulatory sequences(More)
Two lines of evidence suggest that the Sry-related gene Sox9 is important for chondrogenesis in mammalian embryos. Sox9 mRNA is expressed in chondrogenic condensations in mice, and mutations in human SOX9 are known to cause skeletal dysplasia. We show here that mouse SOX9 protein is able to bind to a SOX/SRY consensus motif in DNA and contains a modular(More)
CD44 is an abundant, widely expressed transmembrane glycoprotein which can act as a receptor for the extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan, hyaluronan. Biochemical and morphological studies have demonstrated that in fibroblasts a significant of the CD44 population is resistant to Triton X-100 extraction and that the detergent insoluble protein is(More)
Mutation analyses of patients with campomelic dysplasia, a bone dysmorphology and XY sex reversal syndrome, indicate that the SRY-related gene SOX9 is involved in both skeletal development and sex determination. To clarify the role SOX9 plays in vertebrate sex determination, we have investigated its expression during gonad development in mouse and chicken(More)
Transcription of herpes simplex virus (HSV) immediate-early (IE) genes does not occur in sensory neurons latently infected with the virus or following infection of neuronal cell lines. In neuronal cell lines this inability results from the weak activity of the viral IE promoters, which is caused by a neuron-specific repressor factor that binds specifically(More)
CD44 is a multifunctional adhesion protein that acts as a major receptor for the hygroscopic extracellular matrix component, hyaluronan. This receptor-ligand binding directly mediates at least some of the cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions ascribed to CD44. Other interactions involving CD44 may be modulated indirectly by its ability to bind growth(More)
The requirement of Y-chromosome activity for the differentiation of somatic cells and germ cells was studied in the fetal gonads of X/XSxra mouse embryos where the activity of the Sxra fragment of the Y chromosome is influenced by the inactivation and reactivation of the X chromosome. In the interstitial somatic cells, random inactivation of the X and the(More)
We have demonstrated that the mouse neuroblastoma N18Tg2 cell line and several clones of hybrid ND cells (ND7, ND9 and ND21), derived from the fusion of neonatal rat sensory neurons with that neuroblastoma, show immunostaining to protein gene product 9.5, neuropeptide Y, C-flanking peptide of neuropeptide Y, tyrosine hydroxylase and chromogranins.(More)
The effect of herpes simplex virus type 1 infection in a series of immortalized dorsal root ganglion cell lines has been investigated. Following infection of one of these lines, the viral immediate-early genes are not transcribed and the lytic cycle is aborted at an early stage. In contrast these cells do support transcription of the gene encoding the(More)