Steven Wakeham

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Introduction Indium tin oxide (ITO) is a commonly used transparent conducting oxide (TCO) with applications as a transparent electrode for flat panel displays [1], photovoltaic devices [2] and as an infrared mirror in energy saving windows [3]. ITO offers the best combination of electrical conductivity and visible light transmission with excellent(More)
Increasing legislation has steadily been introduced throughout the world to restrict the use of heavy metals, particularly cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in high temperature pigments, ceramics, and optoelectronic material applications. Removal of cadmium from thin-film optical and semiconductor device applications has been hampered by the absence of viable(More)
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