Steven W. Rick

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The five-site transferable interaction potential (TIP5P) for water is most accurate at reproducing experimental data when used with a simple spherical cutoff for the long-ranged electrostatic interactions. When used with other methods for treating long-ranged interactions, the model is considerably less accurate. With small modifications, a new TIP5P-like(More)
A new molecular dynamics model in which the point charges on atomic sites are allowed to fluctuate in response to the environment is developed and applied to water. The idea for treating charges as variables is based on the concept of electronegativity equalization according to which: (a) the electronegativity of an atomic site is dependent on the atom’s(More)
Complexes of the antibiotics novobiocin and clorobiocin with DNA gyrase are illustrative of the importance of bound water to binding thermodynamics. Mutants resistant to novobiocin as well as those with a decreased affinity for novobiocin over clorobiocin both involve a less favorable entropy of binding, which more than compensates for a more favorable(More)
To examine the wide variety of cavities available to water molecules inside proteins, a model of the protein cavities is developed with the local environment treated at atomic detail and the nonlocal environment treated approximately. The cavities are then changed to vary in size and in the number of hydrogen bonds available to a water molecule inside the(More)
A replica exchange method is presented which requires fewer replicas and is designed to be used for large systems. In this method, dynamically scaled replicas are placed between conventional replicas at broadly spaced temperatures. The potential of the scaled replicas is linearly scaled by a dynamical variable which varies between 0 and 1. When the variable(More)
A method for treating charge transfer interactions in classical potential models is developed and applied to water. In this method, a discrete amount of charge is transferred for each hydrogen bond formed. It is designed to be simple to implement, to be applicable to a variety of potential models, and to satisfy various physical requirements. The method(More)
Free energy calculations for the transfer of a water molecule from the pure liquid to an interior cavity site in a protein are presented. Two different protein cavities, in bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) and in the I76A mutant of barnase, represent very different environments for the water molecule: one which is polar, forming four water-protein(More)
We established the charge and structure of the oil/water interface by combining ζ-potential measurements, sum frequency scattering (SFS) and molecular dynamics simulations. The SFS experiments show that the orientation of water molecules can be followed on the oil droplet/water interface. The average water orientation on a neat oil droplet/water interface(More)