Steven W. Rick

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A new molecular dynamics model in which the point charges on atomic sites are allowed to fluctuate in response to the environment is developed and applied to water. The idea for treating charges as variables is based on the concept of electronegativity equalization according to which: (a) the electronegativity of an atomic site is dependent on the atom's(More)
Free energy calculations for the transfer of a water molecule from the pure liquid to an interior cavity site in a protein are presented. Two different protein cavities, in bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) and in the I76A mutant of barnase, represent very different environments for the water molecule: one which is polar, forming four water-protein(More)
Theories of solvation free energies often involve electrostatic potentials at the position of a solute charge. Simulation calculations that apply cutoffs and periodic boundary conditions based on molecular centers result in center-dependent contributions to electrostatic energies due to a systematic sorting of charges in radial shells. This sorting of(More)
Free energy calculations from molecular simulations using thermodynamic integration or free energy perturbation require long simulation times to achieve sufficient precision. If entropic and enthalpic components of the free energy are desired, then the computational requirements are larger still. Here we present how parallel tempering (PT) Monte Carlo and(More)
We established the charge and structure of the oil/water interface by combining ζ-potential measurements, sum frequency scattering (SFS) and molecular dynamics simulations. The SFS experiments show that the orientation of water molecules can be followed on the oil droplet/water interface. The average water orientation on a neat oil droplet/water interface(More)
The five-site transferable interaction potential (TIP5P) for water is most accurate at reproducing experimental data when used with a simple spherical cutoff for the long-ranged electrostatic interactions. When used with other methods for treating long-ranged interactions, the model is considerably less accurate. With small modifications, a new TIP5P-like(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations are used to calculate the free energy of methane association in water, using the polarizable fluctuating charge model that treats the charges on atomic sites as dynamical variables. Compared with previous studies using nonpolarizable potentials, the inclusion of polarizability leads only to small differences in the methane(More)
Ab initio-based charge partitioning of ionic systems results in ions with non-integer charges. This charge-transfer (CT) effect alters both short- and long-range interactions. Until recently, the effects of CT have been mostly neglected in molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The method presented in this paper for including charge transfer between ions and(More)
We explore and discuss several important issues concerning the derivation of many-body force fields from ab initio quantum chemical data. In particular, we seek a general methodology for constructing ab initio force fields that are ''chemically accurate'' and are computationally efficient for large-scale molecular dynamics simulations. We investigate two(More)
The interfacial properties of three water models that allow for intermolecular charge rearrangement were examined with molecular dynamics simulations. They included the TIP4P water model, the TIP4P-FQ water model, which recently were modified to include intermolecular charge transfer [A. J. Lee and S. W. Rick, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 184507 (2011)].(More)