Steven W. Mitchell

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By means of a selective DNA amplification technique called polymerase chain reaction, proviral sequences of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) were identified directly in DNA isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of persons seropositive but not in DNA isolated from PBMCs of persons seronegative for the virus. Primer pairs from(More)
Clinical specimens from patients infected with Lassa, Ebola, or Marburg virus may present a serious biohazard to laboratory workers. We have examined the effects of heat, alteration of pH, and gamma radiation on these viruses in human blood and on the electrolytes, enzymes, and coagulation factors measured in laboratory tests that are important in the care(More)
The rhesus monkey, an established model of Lassa fever, was used to study hematologic and hemostatic aspects of Lassa fever and whether Mopeia (also known as Mozambique) virus induces any cellular damage in this model. Six days after subcutaneous injection of 10(3.48) plaque forming units (PFU) of Lassa virus (Josiah strain) one group of monkeys received an(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were produced against two African arenaviruses, Lassa virus and Mopeia virus. Competitive binding analysis of MAbs identified four antigenic sites on the nucleoprotein (NP), two on glycoprotein 1 (GP1) and six on glycoprotein 2 (GP2) of the Josiah strain of Lassa virus. 64 virus isolates from western, central and southern Africa(More)
The degree of cell and organ damage in clinical and histological studies of patients dying of Lassa fever has been insufficient to explain the catastrophic shock characteristic of the fatal illness. To explore this issue further, we conducted a study of the evolution of shock in three Lassa virus-infected rhesus monkeys. By the sixth day after infection, a(More)
The in-vitro effect of ribavirin on the replication of lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV), one of the prototype viruses aetiologically associated with lymphadenopathy syndrome and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, was tested. Ribavirin, a nucleoside, suppressed the replication of LAV in cultures of human adult T lymphocytes. Suppression occurred at(More)
Efforts to solve the epidemiologic puzzle of AIDS in Africa are complicated by the presence of multiple human retroviruses. Simple serologic tests that unambiguously distinguish among infections by these retroviruses are essential. To that end, a partially conserved immunoreactive epitope was identified in the transmembrane glycoproteins of human(More)
We attempted to protect three rhesus monkeys from Lassa fever by vaccination with a preparation of purified whole Lassa virus which had been inactivated by gamma irradiation. The vaccinated monkeys developed antibodies against the three major viral proteins of Lassa virus demonstrated by radioimmunoprecipitation. When the three vaccinated monkeys and two(More)
Three selective media, Skirrow, Butzler, and a modification of Butzler medium, were compared for the primary isolation of Campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. This organism was isolated from 87 of 347 specimens (72 from 240 dogs rectal swabs and 15 from 107 cats rectal swabs). The positive rate for dogs (30%) was twice as high as that for cats (14%). Skirrow(More)