Steven W Millward

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Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) has been administered in drinking water (1000 micrograms/liter) to pregnant AP rats during gestation and lactation. The sexual development of the pups was then monitored until their termination at postnatal day 90 (pnd 90). Pups derived from animals exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in drinking water (50 micrograms/liter)(More)
We describe the use of iterative in situ click chemistry to design an Akt-specific branched peptide triligand that is a drop-in replacement for monoclonal antibodies in multiple biochemical assays. Each peptide module in the branched structure makes unique contributions to affinity and/or specificity resulting in a 200 nM affinity ligand that efficiently(More)
Peptides constructed with the 20 natural amino acids are generally considered to have little therapeutic potential because they are unstable in the presence of proteases and peptidases. However, proteolysis cleavage can be idiosyncratic, and it is possible that natural analogues of functional sequences exist that are highly resistant to cleavage. Here, we(More)
Autophagy can sustain or kill tumor cells depending upon the context. The mechanism of autophagy-associated cell death has not been well elucidated and autophagy has enhanced or inhibited sensitivity of cancer cells to cytotoxic chemotherapy in different models. ARHI (DIRAS3), an imprinted tumor suppressor gene, is downregulated in 60% of ovarian cancers.(More)
A cDNA library was constructed from poly(A)+ RNA prepared from VERO cells infected with the Edmonston strain of measles virus. Clones corresponding to five major viral-specific transcripts were identified by northern blot hybridization analysis. Probes prepared from these five clones detected an additional five minor viral RNA transcripts. The sizes and(More)
The incorporation of unnatural amino acid into selectable, amplifiable peptide and protein libraries expands the chemical diversity of such libraries, thus considerably facilitating the process of obtaining ligands with improved properties (affinity, specificity, and function), particularly against therapeutically interesting targets. Here, we report that(More)
Special agents for protein capture: Iterative in situ click chemistry (see scheme for the tertiary ligand screen) and the one-bead-one-compound method for the creation of a peptide library enable the fragment-based assembly of selective high-affinity protein-capture agents. The resulting ligands are water-soluble and stable chemically, biochemically, and(More)
Cyclic peptides are attractive scaffolds for the design of conformationally constrained molecular therapeutics. Previously, biological display libraries could only be cyclized via disulfide bonds, which are labile and can be reduced in an intracellular environment. In this paper, we construct high diversity, covalently cyclized mRNA display libraries (>1013(More)