Steven W. Leslie

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The medium spiny neurons of the nucleus accumbens receive both an excitatory glutamatergic input from forebrain and a dopaminergic input from the ventral tegmental area. This integration point may constitute a locus whereby the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-subtype of glutamate receptors promotes drug reinforcement. Here we investigate how dopaminergic inputs(More)
Phosphorylation has been shown to regulate N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDAR) function. The inhibitory effect of ethanol on NMDAR function could be due, at least in part, to a change in NMDAR phosphorylation states. In order to investigate the effect of ethanol on phosphorylation of NR1 and NR2 subunits, NMDAR complexes were immunoprecipitated from(More)
The effect of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) on free intracellular Ca2+ concentrations [( Ca2+]i) and the interaction of ethanol on the NMDA-mediated response was examined in freshly dissociated brain cells isolated from newborn rats. NMDA (25 microM) increased [Ca2+]i by approximately 70 nM, measured by fura-2 fluorometry, and this increase could be prevented(More)
N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated responses were studied in hippocampus, cortex, and striatum of Fischer 344 rats of various ages (3-5, 12-14, or 24-28 months old; young, middle-aged, and senescent or old, respectively) to determine whether aging alters the function of NMDA receptors. NMDA-induced inhibition of muscarinic-stimulated(More)
BACKGROUND The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), a subtype of glutamate receptor, is essential for normal neurodevelopment. The brain growth spurt, which is both prenatal and postnatal in the rat, is a time when the brain is especially sensitive to the effects of a teratogen, such as alcohol. Changes in NMDAR function after early perinatal exposure to(More)
Seeds of the Guam cycad Cycas micronesica K.D. Hill (Cycadaceae), which contain ss-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), have been implicated in the etiology of the devastating neurodisease ALS-PDC that is found among the native Chamorros on Guam. The disease also occurs in the native populations on Irian Jaya and the Kii Peninsula of Japan, and in all three areas(More)
Dissociated brain cells were isolated from newborn rat pups and loaded with fura-2. These cells were sensitive to low N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) concentrations with EC50 values for NMDA-induced intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) increases of approximately 7-16 microM measured in the absence of Mg2+. NMDA-stimulated [Ca2+]i increases could be(More)
The effects of prenatal and/or early postnatal exposure to ethanol at high concentrations on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor number and functioning in the weanling rat were examined. The binge-like exposure protocol was used in an animal model of acute ethanol effects at two critical periods of development. [3H]MK-801 binding parameters for the(More)
The effects of ethanol on resting and KCl-depolarized cytosolic calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) were measured in purified rat cortical synaptosomes using the calcium indicator fura-2. Ethanol (500-700 mM) significantly elevated the resting [Ca2+]i by 13-25% in the presence of 100 microM external calcium. In the absence of external Ca2+, ethanol (50-200 mM)(More)