Steven W Jones

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Gene expression is dynamically regulated by chromatin modifications on histone tails, such as acetylation. In general, histone acetylation promotes transcription, whereas histone deacetylation negatively regulates transcription. The interplay between histone acetyltranserases and histone deacetylases (HDACs) is pivotal for the regulation of gene expression(More)
Salmon lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, are naturally occurring parasites of salmon in sea water. Intensive salmon farming provides better conditions for parasite growth and transmission compared with natural conditions, creating problems for both the salmon farming industry and, under certain conditions, wild salmonids. Salmon lice originating from farms(More)
Drug discovery strategies are needed that can rapidly exploit multiple therapeutic targets associated with the complex gene expression changes that characterize a polygenic disease such as cancer. We report a new cell-based high-throughput technology for screening chemical libraries against several potential cancer target genes in parallel. Multiplex gene(More)
BACKGROUND l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA)-induced dyskinesia (LID) are a complication of chronic dopamine replacement therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent studies have suggested that the mechanisms underlying development and expression of LID in PD may involve epigenetic changes that include deacetylation of striatal histone proteins. We(More)
The integrin alpha 4 beta 7 and mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) are molecules involved in the normal recirculation of lymphocytes between the blood and the gastrointestinal tract. These molecules may play a complementary and significant role in animal models of colitis. We have investigated the structural interaction between alpha 4(More)
The migration, adhesion, and subsequent extravasation of leukocytes into inflamed tissues contribute to the pathogenesis of a variety of inflammatory diseases including asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and multiple sclerosis. The integrin adhesion receptor alpha 4 beta 1 expressed on leukocytes binds to the extracellular matrix(More)
This study describes the identification of seven amino acid residues of the vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) that influence binding to the alpha 4 beta 1 receptor. Using recombinant murine VCAM-1-IgG, which is bound by both mouse (WEHI 231) and human (Ramos) lymphoid cells, two approaches demonstrated the crucial role of the first two NH2-terminal(More)
The leukocyte integrin receptor, alpha 4 beta 7, and the mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) are postulated to be important in regulating lymphocyte trafficking to normal intestine. Here we provide the first description of MAdCAM-1 expression in inflamed intestine. Using mouse models of experimentally induced colitis, we show a concordant(More)
There is strong evidence from studies in humans and animal models to suggest the involvement of energy metabolism defects in neurodegenerative diseases. Uridine, a pyrimidine nucleoside, has been suggested to be neuroprotective in neurological disorders by improving bioenergetic effects, increasing ATP levels and enhancing glycolytic energy production. We(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a key negative regulator of the fibrinolytic system. In animal studies, inhibition of PAI-1 activity prevents arterial and venous thrombosis, indicating that PAI-1 inhibitors may be used as a new class of antithrombotics. In this study, we characterize a small molecule PAI-1 inhibitor, ZK4044, which was(More)