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Latherin is a highly surface-active allergen protein found in the sweat and saliva of horses and other equids. Its surfactant activity is intrinsic to the protein in its native form, and is manifest without associated lipids or glycosylation. Latherin probably functions as a wetting agent in evaporative cooling in horses, but it may also assist in(More)
The ChemCam instrument package on the Mars rover, " Curiosity " , is the first planetary instrument that employs laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) to determine the compositions of geological samples on another planet. However , the sampled spectra are imperfect for elemental concentration estimation because of the inevitable sampling noises, the(More)
Latherin is an intrinsically surfactant protein of ~23 kDa found in the sweat and saliva of horses. Its function is probably to enhance the translocation of sweat water from the skin to the surface of the pelt for evaporative cooling. Its role in saliva may be to enhance the wetting, softening and maceration of the dry, fibrous food for which equines are(More)
C60 fullerene is not soluble in water and dispersion usually requires organic solvents, sonication or vigorous mechanical mixing. However, we show here that mixing of pristine C60 in water with natural surfactant proteins latherin and ranaspumin-2 (Rsn-2) at low concentrations yields stable aqueous dispersions with spectroscopic properties similar to those(More)
Traditional anomaly detection methods either model the global background or the local neighborhood, that bring some apparent drawbacks, such as the unreasonable assumption of uni-modular background in global detectors, or the high false alarms by sliding windows in local detectors. In this paper, a source component-based anomaly detection approach is(More)
Anomaly detection becomes increasingly important in hyper-spectral image analysis, since it can now uncover many material substances which were previously unresolved by multi-spectral sensors. In this paper, we propose a Low-rank Tensor Decomposition based anomaly Detection (LTDD) algorithm for Hyperspectral Imagery. The HSI data cube is first modeled as a(More)
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