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“Grid” computing has emerged as an important new field, distinguished from conventional distributed computing by its focus on large-scale resource sharing, innovative applications, and, in some cases, high performance orientation. In this article, the authors define this new field. First, they review the “Grid problem,” which is defined as flexible, secure,(More)
State-of-the-art and emerging scientific applications require fast access to large quantities of data and commensurately fast computational resources. Both resources and data are often distributed in a wide-area network with components administered locally and independently. Computations may involve hundreds of processes that must be able to acquire(More)
In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of available computing and storage resources. Yet few tools exist that allow these resources to be exploited effectively in an aggregated form. We present the Condor-G system, which leverages software from Globus and Condor to enable users to harness multi-domain resources as if they all(More)
Metacomputing systems are intended to support remote and/or concurrent use of geographically distributed computational resources. Resource management in such systems is complicated by five concerns that do not typically arise in other situations: site autonomy and heterogeneous substrates at the resources, and application requirements for policy(More)
In “Grids” and “collaboratories,” we find distributed communities of resource providers and resource consumers, within which often complex and dynamic policies govern who can use which resources for which purpose. We propose a new approach to the representation, maintenance, and enforcement of such policies that provides a scalable mechanism for specifying(More)
High-performance execution in distributed computing environments often requires careful selection and configuration not only of computers, networks, and other resources but also of the protocols and algorithms used by applications. Selection and configuration in turn require access to accurate, up-to-date information on the structure and state of available(More)
Grid computing is concerned with the sharing and coordinated use of diverse resources in distributed "virtual organizations.” The dynamic and multi-institutional nature of these environments introduces challenging security issues that demand new technical approaches. In particular, one must deal with diverse local mechanisms, support dynamic creation of(More)
The data grid: Towards an architecture for the distributed management and analysis of large scientific datasets Ann ChervenakŁ, Ian Foster†‡, Carl KesselmanŁ, Charles Salisbury† and Steven Tuecke† ŁInformation Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, USA †Mathematics and Computer Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, USA ‡Department(More)