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The purposes of this study were to assess: (i) the effects of 8-week training programs with constrained-path and unconstrained-path chest press machines on 1-RM; (ii) the different activity patterns of selected arm and shoulder girdle muscles during push movement performed on the different machines; (iii) the transfer of the training effects from one(More)
PURPOSE Altering foot stance is often prescribed as a method of isolating muscles during the parallel squat. The purpose of this study was to compare activity in six muscles crossing the hip and/or knee joints when the parallel squat is performed with different stances and bar loads. METHODS Nine male lifters served as subjects. Within 7 d of determining(More)
The purpose of the study was to quantify the effect of errors in spatial alignment between the center of pressure recorded from a force platform and the coordinates of the foot recorded from film on resultant joint torques in the lower extremity during the stance phase of gait. Two-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data from eight subjects performing(More)
The effect of mild leg length inequality (lower extremity length difference less than 3 cm) on posture and gait has been the source of much controversy. Many opinions have been expressed both for and against the need for intervention to reduce the magnitude of the discrepancy. This paper emphasizes the need for accurate and reliable assessment of leg length(More)
UNLABELLED Comparisons of ground reaction forces (GRF) during gait are not typically conducted with blinding of the varied shoe characteristic, raising concerns related to the existence of a placebo effect, or a subject response based on a perceived expectation of change. PURPOSE To determine whether investigator comments on shoe construction influenced(More)
Despite the number of studies examining factors associated with overuse running injury, little is known about why an individual gets injured on a particular side of the body. Abnormal levels of several strength, structural, kinetic, and kinematic factors have been attributed to injury susceptibility. However, while most studies have compared the injured(More)
PURPOSE Ankle joint dorsiflexion contributes to energy absorption during landing, but wearing ankle stabilizers is known to restrict passive measures of dorsiflexion. This study compared the effects of various ankle stabilizers on ankle joint kinematics during soft and stiff landings. METHODS Subjects (N = 14) performed two-legged landings off a 0.59-m(More)
Ankle taping and bracing is commonly used in athletics and both have been shown to be effective in reducing injury. Ankle proprioception has been shown to increase with external support due to the activation of cutaneous mechanoreceptors, however, the sensorimotor effect has not been studied Electromechanical delay (EMD) is defined as the time lag from the(More)
An inverse dynamic analysis and subsequent calculation of joint kinetic and energetic measures is widely used to study the mechanics of the lower extremity. Filtering the kinematic and kinetic data input to the inverse dynamics equations affects the calculated joint moment of force (JMF). Our purpose was to compare selected integral values of sagittal plane(More)
OBJECTIVE Ankle inversion injuries represent the most common trauma sustained by athletes. Muscle fatigue from activity may contribute to a delay in the response of the ankle proprioceptors and dynamic restraints during unexpected inversion. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if the electromechanical delay (EMD) of the peroneus longus is(More)