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Two populations of Nkx2-1(+) progenitors in the developing foregut endoderm give rise to the entire postnatal lung and thyroid epithelium, but little is known about these cells because they are difficult to isolate in a pure form. We demonstrate here the purification and directed differentiation of primordial lung and thyroid progenitors derived from mouse(More)
Clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma (CCP-RCC) has recently been recognized as a distinct subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) due to its unique morphologic, immunohistochemical, and genetic features and indolent clinical behavior. However, the incidence of this tumor in a nephrectomy series for renal mass has not been fully investigated. Twelve cases(More)
Metastasis is the deadliest phase of cancer progression. Experimental models using immunodeficient mice have been used to gain insights into the mechanisms of metastasis. We report here the identification of a "metastasis aggressiveness gene expression signature" derived using human melanoma cells selected based on their metastatic potentials in a(More)
BACKGROUND Ant societies comprise individuals belonging to different castes characterized by specialized morphologies and behaviors. Because ant embryos can follow different developmental trajectories, epigenetic mechanisms must play a role in caste determination. Ants have a full set of DNA methyltransferases and their genomes contain methylcytosine. To(More)
The International Society of Urological Pathology convened a consensus conference on renal cancer, preceded by an online survey, to address issues relating to the diagnosis and reporting of renal neoplasia. In this report, the role of biomarkers in the diagnosis and assessment of prognosis of renal tumors is addressed. In particular we focused upon the use(More)
The use of human pluripotent stem cells for laboratory studies and cell-based therapies is hampered by their tumor-forming potential and limited ability to generate pure populations of differentiated cell types in vitro. To address these issues, we established endodermal progenitor (EP) cell lines from human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells.(More)
Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) has been described as a lesion associated with intraductal spread of invasive carcinoma and consequently aggressive disease. However, there are a few reported cases of pure IDC-P without an associated invasive component, strongly suggesting that this subset of IDC-P may represent a precursor lesion. We compared(More)
EZH2 is the catalytic subunit of PRC2, a central epigenetic repressor essential for development processes in vivo and for the differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in vitro. The biochemical function of PRC2 in depositing repressive H3K27me3 marks is well understood, but how it is regulated and directed to specific genes before and during(More)
Tubulocystic carcinoma of the kidney (TC-RCC) is a rare renal tumor with unique gross and microscopic features unlike other types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Several recent studies recommend that it should be classified as a distinct RCC subtype. In this study, we provide pathologic and cytogenetic evidence supporting that TC-RCC is closely related to(More)
The nature of tubulocystic carcinoma, a rare renal tumor composed of tubular and cystic structures, is poorly understood. It has been suggested that it may represent a low-grade collecting duct carcinoma of the kidney despite the lack of sufficient molecular and pathologic evidence. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical and pathologic features(More)