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OVERVIEW The authors propose updated and revised nomenclature, definitions and classification for tooth surface lesions. Their objective is standardization, clarity and clinical utility for the dental practitioner. The article presents a schema of the pathodynamic mechanisms in the formation of tooth surface lesions--three basic physical and chemical(More)
Fiducial markers are reference points used in the registration of image space(s) with physical (patient) space. As applied to interactive, image-guided surgery, the registration of image space with physical space allows the current location of a surgical tool to be indicated on a computer display of patient-specific preoperative images. This intrasurgical(More)
The application of x-ray diagnostics for intraoperative navigation and for registration of hard tissue structures is restrained due to high radiation loads and the not given real time ability. Previous approaches with conventional ultrasonic imaging are only interactively applicable due to the high information content of soft tissue optimised B-mode-images.(More)
OBJECTIVE Four methods of producing maximum intensity projection (MIP) images were studied and compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three of the projection methods differ in the interpolation kernel used for ray tracing. The interpolation kernels include nearest neighbor interpolation, linear interpolation, and cubic convolution interpolation. The fourth(More)
Registration of image space and physical space lies at the heart of any interactive, image-guided neurosurgery system. This paper, in conjunction with the previous companion paper [1], describes a localization technique that enables bone-implanted fiducial markers to be used for the registration of these spaces. The nature of these subcutaneous markers(More)
Maximum-intensity projection (MIP) algorithms, a class of algorithms for construction of magnetic resonance (MR) angiograms, are reviewed. The blood flow in a volume of interest is represented by bright intensities in the MR data volume. MIP algorithms search for the maximum intensity along parallel rays cast through the MR image volume. A projection image(More)
It is important to understand any process that affects medical data. Once the data have changed from the original form, one must consider the possibility that the information contained in the data has also changed. In general, false negative and false positive diagnoses caused by this post-processing must be minimized. Medical imaging is one area in which(More)
As alternatives to surgical resection and/or supportive to radio- or chemo-therapy of tumors and metastases minimal invasive interstitial thermal treatment procedures by which the tissue is heated up locally to temperatures up to 100 degrees C are used. However beside nuclear magnetic resonance tomography there is no economical, by routine applicable(More)
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