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OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate whether patients with surgically refractory medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) exhibit a distinct pattern of structural network organization involving the temporal lobes and extratemporal regions. METHODS We retrospectively studied 18 healthy controls and 20 patients with medication refractory(More)
A respiratory therapist-driven weaning protocol incorporating daily screens, spontaneous breathing trials (SBT), and prompts to caregivers has been associated with superior outcomes in mechanically ventilated medical patients. To determine the effectiveness of this approach in neurosurgical (NSY) patients, we conducted a randomized controlled trial(More)
Surgical resection of the hippocampus is the most successful treatment for medication-refractory medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) due to hippocampal sclerosis. Unfortunately, at least one of four operated patients continue to have disabling seizures after surgery, and there is no existing method to predict individual surgical outcome. Prior to surgery,(More)
Enlarged parietal foramina are rare congenital skull defects identified on physical examination and confirmed radiographically. They are round or oval defects situated on each parietal bone approximately 1 cm from the midline and 2 to 3 cm superior to the lambdoid suture. Although small parietal foramina are common variants in up to 60% to 70% of normal(More)
OBJECTIVE The high morbidity and mortality rates associated with dural sinus thrombosis may be heightened by a delay in diagnosis, which necessitates prompt and effective treatment. Traditional treatment consists of the initiation of systemic anticoagulation with heparin and, more recently, regional thrombolysis with direct endovascular infusion of(More)
UNLABELLED Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a potentially life-threatening, systemic, immune-mediated reaction to transfused blood product. The symptoms may be masked under general anesthesia. In this case report, we describe an infant who developed TRALI under general anesthesia for craniofacial surgery. The difficulty with diagnosis, the(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce the progression of atherosclerosis in animal models and reinfarction rates after myocardial infarction in humans. Although expression of components of the renin-angiotensin system has been reported in human coronary arteries, no data regarding their presence in carotid arteries, a frequent site for the(More)
Methods for surgical correction of sagittal craniosynostosis have progressed. The hypothesis is that advances in surgical interventions for craniosynostosis affect perioperative anesthetic care. We reviewed the records of eight children who underwent cranial vault reconstruction (CVR) and nine who underwent spring-mediated cranial expansion (SME) for(More)
PURPOSE Patients with neurofibromatosis (NF) develop tumors of the central nervous system (CNS). Radiation therapy (RT) is used to treat these lesions. To better define the efficacy of RT in these patients, we reviewed our 20-year experience. METHODS AND MATERIALS Eighteen patients with NF with CNS tumors were treated from 1986 to 2007. Median follow-up(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common cause of drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy in adults. Despite nearly 2 centuries since the first reports of MTS, relatively little is known about its etiology and pathogenesis. Increasing attention has been directed toward the potential role of vascular abnormalities in MTS. We evaluated the hippocampal(More)