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OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate whether patients with surgically refractory medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) exhibit a distinct pattern of structural network organization involving the temporal lobes and extratemporal regions. METHODS We retrospectively studied 18 healthy controls and 20 patients with medication refractory(More)
  • A Das, G C Wallace, C Holmes, M L McDowell, J A Smith, J D Marshall +5 others
  • 2012
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of focal epilepsy. Previous research has demonstrated several trends in human tissue that, undoubtedly, contribute to the development and progression of TLE. In this study we examined resected human hippocampus tissue for a variety of changes including gliosis that might contribute to the development and(More)
Surgical resection of the hippocampus is the most successful treatment for medication-refractory medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) due to hippocampal sclerosis. Unfortunately, at least one of four operated patients continue to have disabling seizures after surgery, and there is no existing method to predict individual surgical outcome. Prior to surgery,(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether brief focal ischemia induces ischemic tolerance in rat brain. Focal ischemia was produced in Wistar rats by occluding the middle cerebral artery (MCA) for 20 min at a distal site. Following recovery for 24 h, the animals were subjected to a 10-min episode of forebrain ischemia using a combination of(More)
The authors present the hospital course of a 13-year-old girl with a closed head injury who received a prolonged infusion of propofol for sedation and, subsequently, died as a result of severe metabolic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis, and cardiovascular collapse. The patient had been treated for 4 days at a referring hospital for a severe closed head injury(More)
OBJECTIVE The high morbidity and mortality rates associated with dural sinus thrombosis may be heightened by a delay in diagnosis, which necessitates prompt and effective treatment. Traditional treatment consists of the initiation of systemic anticoagulation with heparin and, more recently, regional thrombolysis with direct endovascular infusion of(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common cause of drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy in adults. Despite nearly 2 centuries since the first reports of MTS, relatively little is known about its etiology and pathogenesis. Increasing attention has been directed toward the potential role of vascular abnormalities in MTS. We evaluated the hippocampal(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce the progression of atherosclerosis in animal models and reinfarction rates after myocardial infarction in humans. Although expression of components of the renin-angiotensin system has been reported in human coronary arteries, no data regarding their presence in carotid arteries, a frequent site for the(More)
  • Y Suzuki, M Shibuya, M K Baskaya, S Takakura, M Yamamoto, K Saito +2 others
  • 1996
UNLABELLED Intracranial extracerebral cavernous angiomas (ECCAs) share the same histologic features as intracerebral lesions, but their clinical picture is different. Surgical treatment of ECCAs of the cavernous sinus remains a challenge for the neurosurgeon because of a high mortality and morbidity due to uncontrollable and massive hemorrhage. METHODS We(More)