Steven S. Geier

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Primary cultures derived from neonatal rat forebrain grow almost entirely as glial cultures, with a large astrocytic preponderance and smaller numbers of oligodendrocytic cells. Although both astrocytic and oligodendrocytic characteristics are acquired in vitro, the origins of both types of glia in primary cultures have not been determined. We tested the(More)
Recognition of class I MHC antigens involves interaction between TCRs of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and the two alpha helices of MHC molecules. Using a combined panel of H-2Kb mutants selected by either a CTL clone or MAbs, we have shown evidence that the TCRs of 59 Kb-specific CTL clones shared a common binding pattern on the H-2Kb molecule. Mutations(More)
Somatic cell variants expressing an altered antigenic form of the H-2Kb molecule were isolated for the purpose of performing structure-function analysis of a class I MHC molecule. Over 25 independently isolated variants were derived from an Abelson virus transformed pre- B cell line (R8) by mutagenesis with ethyl methane sulfonate or ethyl nitrosourea.(More)
The present studies have made use of in vitro derived H-2Kb mutants to analyze the fine specificity of alloreactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). The variants were derived by negatively selecting mutagenized tumor cells with a monoclonal anti-H-2Kb antibody and positively selecting for residual cells expressing serologically altered H-2Kb molecules.(More)
Refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is often incurable, and relapse rates following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) remain high. We have reported that patients who develop increased numbers of gammadelta(+) T cells soon after BMT are significantly less likely to relapse. We now show in seven donor/recipient pairs that donor-derived(More)
BACKGROUND Our laboratory previously reported that leukemia patients who developed > or = 10% gammadelta+ T cells during the first six months after receiving an anti-TCRalphabeta T-cell-depleted (TCD) graft from a partially mismatched related donor (PMRD) had a disease-free survival (DFS) advantage. These gammadelta+ T cells were V81+CD3+CD4-CD8-CD69+HLADR+(More)
The gene for the H-2K class I antigen of the bm1 variant was cloned and analyzed at the DNA level and compared with the previously cloned parent B6/Kh gene. Sequence determination and comparative restriction endonuclease studies indicate that Kbm1 is derived from the Kb gene. Seven nucleotide changes within a 13-nucleotide stretch distinguish the mutant(More)
Most patients requiring allogeneic bone marrow transplant (allo-BMT) do not have an HLA-matched sibling donor. A phenotypically matched unrelated donor graft has been made available for approximately 50% of Caucasians and less than 10% of ethnic and racial minorities in need. However, almost all patients have a readily available partially mismatched related(More)
Somatic cell variants of the murine major histocompatibility complex were isolated to study the molecular features required for H-2K gene expression. In vitro selection was performed on a heterozygous [H-2b (Kb,Db) X H-2d (Kd, Dd, Ld)] pre-B lymphoblastoid cell line (R8) for variants that had lost membrane expression of the H-2Kb gene product. Analysis of a(More)