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Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are rare developmental tumors that cause seizures or pituitary axis dysfunction, usually beginning in childhood. We analyzed HH tissue from 57 patients whose tumors were resected through recently developed transcallosal interforniceal and transventricular endoscopic surgical approaches. All cases were composed of abnormally(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the detectability of EBV DNA in the serum of gastric carcinoma patients in Hong Kong. Previous data have shown that approximately 10% of gastric carcinomas in Hong Kong are associated with EBV. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We recruited 51 patients with gastric carcinoma, 30 patients with gastritis, and 197 apparently healthy controls. For(More)
Although uncommon, the hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) is often associated with a devastating clinical syndrome, which may include refractory epilepsy, progressive cognitive decline, and deterioration in behavioral and psychiatric functioning. Contrary to conventional thinking which attributed seizure origin to cortical structures, the hamartoma itself has now(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori infection is common in patients with peptic ulcers caused by the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). But the pathogenic role of H pylori in this disease is controversial. We studied the efficacy of eradication of H pylori in the prevention of NSAID-induced peptic ulcers. METHODS We recruited patients with(More)
PURPOSE Aberrant promoter methylation, an alternative mechanism for gene silencing, is frequently detected in gastric cancer. We studied the feasibility of detecting aberrant methylation in serum of gastric cancer patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients (54) with gastric adenocarcinoma were studied. The tumor and the paired serum were examined for aberrant(More)
Randomised trials have shown that duodenal ulcers treated by H2 blockers heal faster if Helicobacter pylori is eradicated concurrently. It remains unknown whether eradication of H pylori without suppression of acid-secretion, is sufficient to allow healing. 153 patients with H pylori infection and duodenal ulcer were randomised to receive either a 1-week(More)
Wild-type p53 competitively binds to the promoter region of COX-2 in vitro and inhibits its transcription. We examined the association between p53 mutation and COX-2 expression in gastric cancer. COX-2 over-expression was seen in 19 (48.7%) cases. These tumours had more lymph-node metastasis (P = 0.048) and tended to have a poorer survival (P = 0.07).(More)
105 patients with acute calculous cholangitis who did not respond to conservative management underwent urgent endoscopic drainage of the biliary system at a mean of 1.5 days after admission. Treatment was successful in 102 (97%) patients. 3 of the patients in whom drainage was not successful underwent emergency surgery, with 1 death. 3 patients died of(More)
Survivin was recently described as an apoptosis inhibitor. Its pathogenic role in gastric cancer is largely unknown. Expression of survivin in gastric cancer and non-cancer first-degree relatives, and its association with apoptosis and cyclo-oxygenase-2 expression was investigated. Fifty gastric cancer, 30 non-cancer first-degree relatives, 20 normal(More)
A prospective randomised trial was performed to assess the efficacy of endoscopic injection of adrenaline for actively bleeding ulcers. Emergency endoscopy in 961 patients admitted for upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage identified 68 patients with actively bleeding ulcers. These 68 patients were randomised to receive either endoscopic injection of(More)