Steven Ross Murray

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Cup stacking has been adopted recently by many physical education programs to enhance rudimentary motor skills such as hand-eye coordination and ambidexterity as well as quickness and concentration; however, no empirical evidence has been published to support these claims. We examined the influence of cup stacking on hand-eye coordination and reaction time(More)
UNLABELLED The lay press, scientists, and physicians appear to believe that gymnasts are continually getting smaller and that their "smallness" is a health risk. PURPOSE To assess the historical changes in the size and age of the US women's Olympic gymnastics teams from 1956 to 2008. METHODS The official records from the US Olympic Committee and USA(More)
UNLABELLED The 3-min all-out exercise test (3 MT) is purported to estimate critical power (CP) and anaerobic work capacity (W') and serve as an exercise mode for measuring maximum oxygen uptake (VO(2max)). Reliability analysis of the 3 MT has been confined to CP, not W', and verification of "true" VO(2max)was exclusive to a graded exercise test (GXT). (More)
Energy drinks (EDs) such as Red Bull (RB) are marketed to enhance metabolism. Secondary ingredients of EDs (e.g., taurine) have been purported to improve time trial performance; however, little research exists on how such secondary ingredients affect aerobic metabolism during heavy exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the(More)
The critical velocity (CV) model offers an opportunity to prescribe and to test empirically different velocity-time (V-t) configurations of high-intensity interval training (HIIT); however, such experiments are lacking. We evaluated a group of competitive, female soccer players (age = 19 ± 1 years, height = 168 ± 6 cm, mass = 61 ± 6 kg) completing 1 of 2(More)
The ability to specifically delete the store of maternal α-subtype histone mRNAs stored in the egg pronucleus has allowed us to examine the role of this major fraction of the maternal mRNA in the early development of the sea urchinStrongylocentrotus purpuratus. The egg nucleus was removed by centrifugation, and the resulting enucleate half eggs were(More)
The cycling 3-minute all-out exercise test (3 MT) provides the measures of critical power (CP) and the curvature constant (W') for the relationship between power and time limit to exhaustion in the severe exercise domain. The original procedures for the 3 MT required a preliminary graded exercise test (GXT) to establish the linear factor and the fixed load(More)
Athlete recovery-adaptation is crucial to the progress and performance of highly trained athletes. The purpose of this study was to assess peristaltic pulse dynamic compression (PPDC) in reducing short-term pressure-to-pain threshold (PPT) among Olympic Training Center athletes after morning training. Muscular tenderness and stiffness are common symptoms of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate a new power-to-body-mass (BM) ratio 3-min all-out cycling test (3MT(%BM)) for determining critical power (CP) and finite work capacity above CP (W'). METHODS The gas-exchange threshold (GET), maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), and power output evoking VO2max (W(peak)) and GET (W(GET)) for cycle ergometry were determined in 12(More)