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The embryonic lethal abnormal visual system (elav) gene of Drosophila melanogaster is required for the development and maintenance of the nervous system. Transcripts from this locus are distributed ubiquitously throughout the nervous system at all developmental stages. A product of this gene, the ELAV protein, has homology to known RNA binding proteins. The(More)
Neuronal process remodeling occurs widely in the construction of both invertebrate and vertebrate nervous systems. During Drosophila metamorphosis, gamma neurons of the mushroom bodies (MBs), the center for olfactory learning in insects, undergo pruning of larval-specific dendrites and axons followed by outgrowth of adult-specific processes. To elucidate(More)
At adult emergence, the ventral CNS of Drosophila shows a group of approximately 300 neurons, which are unique in that they express 10-fold higher levels of the A isoform of the ecdysone receptor (EcR-A) than do other central neurons. This expression pattern is established early in metamorphosis and persists throughout the remainder of the pupal stage.(More)
The locus elav (ella-vee) of Drosophila melanogaster, which is necessary for the proper development of the embryonic and adult nervous systems, has been characterized both genetically and molecularly. This locus has been shown to be transcribed exclusively within, and ubiquitously throughout, the developing nervous system during Hours 6 to 12 of(More)
A sequence of developmental events transforms neurons from their immature state to their mature, terminally differentiated state. The elav locus is one of the first examples of a gene that is expressed in neurons early during this developmental sequence. This gene has been shown to be required for the proper development of young neurons and for the(More)
The embryonic lethal abnormal visual system (elav) locus in Drosophila melanogaster, a vital gene mapping within the 1B5-1B9 region of the X-chromosome has been cloned and analysed. Previous developmental analyses have shown that in addition to the embryonic requirement there is a post-embryonic requirement for elav function in the cells of the visual(More)
Hormones and trophic factors provide cues that control neuronal death during development. These developmental cues in some way regulate activation of apoptosis, the mechanism by which most, if not all, developmentally programmed cell deaths occur. In Drosophila, apoptosis can be induced by the expression of the genes reaper, grim, or head involution(More)
The steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone induces metamorphosis in insects. The receptor for the hormone is the ecdysone receptor, a heterodimer of two nuclear receptors, EcR and USP. In Drosophila the EcR gene encodes 3 isoforms (EcR-A, EcR-B1 and EcR-B2) that vary in their N-terminal region but not in their DNA binding and ligand binding domains. The stage(More)
To understand the role apoptosis plays in nervous system development and to gain insight into the mechanisms by which steroid hormones regulate neuronal apoptosis, we investigated the death of a set of peptidergic neurons in the CNS of the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster. Typically, apoptosis in Drosophila is induced by the expression of the genes reaper,(More)
During the development of the adult central nervous system (CNS) of the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster, the A-isoform of the ecdysone receptor (EcR-A), a typical nuclear hormone receptor, is expressed at high levels in the Type II neurons, a set of neurons that die shortly after the emergence of the adult. To understand the role that transcriptional(More)