Steven R Insler

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BACKGROUND We examined the effect on outcome of mild hypothermia (< 36 degrees C) upon intensive care unit (ICU) admission on patient outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS We performed a retrospective database analysis of 5,701 isolated CABG patients requiring CPB, operated upon from January 1995(More)
Traditionally, hypothermia has been thought of and used perioperatively as a presumptive strategy to reduce cerebral and myocardial tissue sensitivity to ischemia. Evidence, however, is mounting that maintenance of perioperative normothermia is associated with improved outcomes in patients undergoing all types of surgery, even cardiac surgery. Ambient(More)
OBJECTIVE Perioperative hypothermia might be detrimental to the patient undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. We assessed the efficacy of the Allon thermoregulation system (MTRE Advanced Technologies Ltd, Or-Akiva, Israel) compared with that of routine thermal care in maintaining normothermia during and after off-pump coronary artery bypass(More)
BACKGROUND A new underbody forced-air warming system is available for use during cardiac surgery. We tested the hypothesis combining underbody forced-air warming with standard thermal management would maintain intraoperative core temperature and reduce core temperature after-drop (largest decrease in core temperature in the 60 min after bypass) in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Sternal wound dehiscence and infection complicate 1% of cardiac surgeries. Tissue oxygen tension (PsqO(2)) is the primary determinant of surgical wound infection risk and is often critically low in surgical incisions. We tested the hypothesis that local transdermal delivery of oxygen improves oxygenation in sternotomy wounds after cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery demonstrate perioperative mild-to-moderate hypothermia (<36 degrees C). Patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting may become even more severely hypothermic for want of cardiopulmonary bypass rewarming. One consequence is increased circulating catecholamine levels(More)
One-lung ventilation is used to facilitate thoracic and cardiac surgery. This article describes the development and clinical use of a new device, the bronchial blocker tube, to establish one-lung ventilation. The bronchial blocker tube has two circular lumen joined together, one for ventilation and one for acceptance of a bronchial blocker. In this setting,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to evaluate whether a continuous low-dose lidocaine infusion reduces postoperative pain and anxiety in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and to retrospectively examine time to extubation, intensive care unit stay (ICU), and hospital length of stay. DESIGN A double-blinded, randomized, and(More)