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BACKGROUND The calcineurin inhibitors cyclosporine and tacrolimus are both known to be nephrotoxic. Their use in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTX) has dramatically improved success rates. Recently, however, we have had an increase of patients who are presenting after OLTX with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This retrospective study examines the(More)
RATIONALE Obesity and underweight are contraindications to lung transplantation based on their associations with mortality in studies performed before implementation of the lung allocation score (LAS)-based organ allocation system in the United States Objectives: To determine the associations of body mass index (BMI) and plasma leptin levels with survival(More)
RATIONALE Frailty is associated with morbidity and mortality in abdominal organ transplantation but has not been examined in lung transplantation. OBJECTIVES To examine the construct and predictive validity of frailty phenotypes in lung transplant candidates. METHODS In a multicenter prospective cohort, we measured frailty with the Fried Frailty(More)
With the exception of aldosterone, little is known about the hormonal regulation of distal nephron acidification. These experiments investigated the effects of prostaglandin E2, indomethacin, lysyl-bradykinin, 8-bromo-cyclic AMP, and forskolin on proton secretion in the major acidifying segment of the distal nephron, the medullary collecting duct from inner(More)
Apical membrane H+ extrusion in the renal outer medullary collecting duct, inner stripe, is mediated by a Na(+)-independent H+ pump. To examine the regulation of this transporter, cell pH and cell Ca2+ were measured microfluorometrically in in vitro perfused tubules using 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein and fura-2, respectively. Apical(More)
Bronchial hyperresponsiveness in mild to moderate asthma may result from airway smooth muscle cell proliferation or acquisition of a hypercontractile phenotype. Because these cells have not been well characterized in mild to moderate asthma, we examined the morphometric and gene expression characteristics of smooth muscle cells in this subgroup of patients(More)
Numerous small observational studies have shown that gastro-oesophageal reflux is prevalent among patients with advanced lung disease. The fundamental concern is that reflux is a risk factor for recurrent microaspiration, which may cause lung injury. For example, in lung transplant patients, a molecular marker of aspiration was a risk factor for the(More)
BACKGROUND The need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) either before or after orthotopic liver transplant (OLTX) has been reported to be a poor prognostic indicator for survival. Use of continuous veno-venous hemodialysis (CVVHD) for RRT has been reported in three series of OLTX patients with high 90-day mortality rates of 57-60%. We have examined our(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a diffuse fibrotic lung disease of unknown etiology with no effective treatment. Emerging data support a role for chronic microaspiration (ie, subclinical aspiration of small droplets) in the pathogenesis and natural history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. However, the precise relationship between chronic microaspiration(More)