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BACKGROUND Recent studies based on symptomatic outcomes analyses have shown that laparoscopic repair of large type III hiatal hernias is safe, successful, and equivalent to open repair. These outcomes analyses were based on a relatively short followup period and lack objective confirmation that the hernia has not recurred. The aim of this study was to(More)
Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication has been applied with increasing frequency in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. The aim of this study was to determine the variahles that predict outcome of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. A multivariate analysis was performed on data from 199 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic Nissen(More)
OBJECTIVE To outline current concepts regarding etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus and cardia. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Previously, endoscopic visualization of columnar mucosa extending a minimum of 3 cm into the esophagus was sufficient for the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus, but subsequently the importance of(More)
BACKGROUND Surgery, as the mainstay of treatment for localized esophageal cancer, is currently being challenged by the assumed high risk of esophagectomy and the poor longterm survival after resection. Epidemiologic and clinical changes over the past decade indicate that these assumptions should be reevaluated. The aim of this study was to assess the modern(More)
BACKGROUND The management strategies for Barrett's esophagus (BE) that contains high-grade dysplasia (HGD) include intensive endoscopic surveillance, photodynamic therapy, thermal ablation, EMR, and esophagectomy. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic circumferential balloon-based ablation by using radiofrequency energy for(More)
Norman Barrett described the condition that bears his name in 1950.1 He believed that he was observing a congenitally short esophagus and an intrathoracic stomach.2 It was Philip Allison, in 1953, with the careful examination of seven esophagectomy specimens, who showed conclusively that it was indeed the tubular esophagus lined with columnar epithelium.3(More)
Present management algorithms for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) limit endoscopy to patients with advanced disease. When endoscopy is performed, biopsy is limited to patients who have a visible columnar-lined esophagus. Biopsy is not recommended for patients whose endoscopy is normal. This algorithm results in the failure to evaluate(More)
Recent studies have shown that many patients use acid suppression medications after antireflux surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of gastroesophageal reflux disease in a cohort of surgically treated patients with postoperative symptoms and a high prevalence of acid suppression medication use. The study group consisted of 86(More)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a spectrum of disease that includes nonerosive reflux disease (NERD), erosive reflux disease (ERD), and Barrett’s esophagus (BE). Treatment outcomes for patients with different stages have differed in many studies. In particular, acid suppressant medication therapy is reported to be less effective for treating(More)
The guidelines for the management of hiatal hernia are a series of systematically developed statements to assist physicians’ and patients’ decisions about the appropriate use of laparoscopic surgery for hiatal hernia. The statements included in this guideline are the product of a systematic review of published literature on the topic, and the(More)