Steven R. Coats

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Insulin-like growth factors (IGF), IGF-I and IGF-II, are small polypeptides involved in regulating cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, and transformation. IGF activities are mediated through binding and activation of IGF-1R or insulin receptor isoform A (IR-A). The role of the IGF-1R pathway in promoting tumor growth and survival is well(More)
EphA2 is a receptor tyrosine kinase that has been shown to be overexpressed in a variety of human tumor types. Previous studies demonstrated that agonist monoclonal antibodies targeting EphA2 induced the internalization and degradation of the receptor, thereby abolishing its oncogenic effects. In this study, the in vitro and in vivo antibody-dependent(More)
Antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) which delivers cytotoxic drugs specifically into targeted cells through internalization and lysosomal trafficking has emerged as an effective cancer therapy. We show that a bivalent biparatopic antibody targeting two non-overlapping epitopes on HER2 can induce HER2 receptor clustering, which in turn promotes robust(More)
The EphA2 receptor tyrosine kinase is selectively expressed on the surface of many different human tumors. We have previously shown that tumor cells can be targeted by EphA2 monoclonal antibodies and that these antibodies function, in part, by inducing EphA2 internalization and degradation. In this report, we describe the isolation and characterization of a(More)
MEDI-565 (also known as MT111) is a bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE®) antibody in development for the treatment of patients with cancers expressing carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). MEDI-565 binds CEA on cancer cells and CD3 on T cells to induce T-cell mediated killing of cancer cells. To understand the molecular basis of human CEA recognition by MEDI-565 and(More)
S100/~ produced in Escherichia coli from a synthetic gene (Van Eldik, L. J., J. L. Staecker, and E Winningham-Major. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263:7830-7837) stimulates neurite outgrowth and enhances cell maintenance in cultures of embryonic chick cerebral cortex neurons. In control experiments, the neurite extension activity is reduced by preincubation with(More)
Humans and higher primates are unique in that they lack uricase, the enzyme capable of oxidizing uric acid. As a consequence of this enzyme deficiency, humans have high serum uric acid levels. In some people, uric acid levels rise above the solubility limit resulting in crystallization in joints, acute inflammation in response to those crystals causes(More)
The annual European Antibody Congress (EAC) has traditionally been the key event for updates on critical scientific advances in the antibody field, and 2013 was no exception. Organized by Terrapinn, the well-attended meeting featured presentations on considerations for developing antibodies and antibody-like therapeutics, with separate tracks for(More)
Immunoglobulin E (IgE) plays a key role in allergic asthma and is a clinically validated target for monoclonal antibodies. Therapeutic anti-IgE antibodies block the interaction between IgE and the Fc epsilon (Fcε) receptor, which eliminates or minimizes the allergic phenotype but does not typically curtail the ongoing production of IgE by B cells. We(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a potent mitogen for cells of mesenchymal origin, and stimulates the proliferation of density-arrested Balb/c-3T3 fibroblasts (Pledger et al., 1978; Williams et al., 1982; Sturani et al., 1989; Coats et al., 1991). PDGF was first purified from human platelets and shown to consist of a heterodimer composed of two(More)
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