Steven R. Buchman

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OBJECT Chiari malformation (CM) Type I is frequently associated with craniosynostosis. Optimal management of CM in patients with craniosynostosis is not well-established. The goal of this study was to report on a series of pediatric patients with both craniosynostosis and CM and discuss their management. METHODS The authors searched the medical records of(More)
The superior volume maintenance of membranous over endochondral bone has been shown in several studies and provides the basis for its preferred clinical use as an onlay grafting material in the craniofacial skeleton. The scientific rationale for this seeming embryologic advantage, however, has never been proven. Our hypothesis is that the pattern of onlay(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine parents' perceptions of the health and health-related quality of life in a series of children and adolescents with cleft and other craniofacial anomalies. The subjects for this prospective study were a consecutive series of 54 children and adolescents presenting to an outpatient craniofacial anomalies surgery clinic,(More)
BACKGROUND A limitation of mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) is the length of time required for consolidation. This drawback subjects patients to possible pin-site infections, as well as a prolonged return to activities of normal daily living. Developing innovative techniques to abridge consolidation periods could be immensely effective in preventing(More)
OBJECT After primary repair of a myelomeningocele or a lipomyelomeningocele, patients can present with symptoms of secondary tethered cord syndrome (TCS). After surgical untethering, a small percentage of these patients can present with multiple repeat TCS. In patients presenting with secondary or multiple repeat TCS, the role as well the expected outcomes(More)
Despite the widespread use of rigid fixation techniques in craniofacial surgery, there is a paucity of studies in the literature that serve to better define the reasons for the subsequent removal of plates and screws. The current study appears to be the first to attempt to assess these issues among a broad range of craniofacial surgery patients. Fifty-five(More)
OBJECTIVE We report our experience with a previously undescribed method of myelomeningocele closure, which is the use of bilateral lumbar periosteal flaps as an additional tissue layer in complex cases. These flaps reinforce the dural repair, act to protect the spinal cord, and may help to contain any potential cerebrospinal fluid leak from the primary(More)
A trend in large myelomeningocele defect repair involves soft tissue closure with muscle and fascial flap techniques to provide a durable, protective, and tension-free soft tissue covering. We propose that composite tissue closure yields superior outcomes regardless of defect size. We present a retrospective review of our 15-year, single-institution(More)
Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy as a risk factor for having a child with cleft lip/palate has been suggested by several epidemiologic studies. However, most of these studies contained small sample sizes, and a clear association between these two factors could not be established. The U.S. Natality database from 1996 and a case-control study(More)
BACKGROUND The psoas muscle has been shown to predict patient outcomes based on the quantification of muscle area using computed tomography (CT) scans. The accuracy of morphomic analysis on other muscles has not been clearly delineated. In this study, we determine the correlation between temporalis muscle mass, psoas muscle area, age, body mass index (BMI),(More)