Steven R. Brunnert

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Nitric oxide is believed to be a prominent mediator of inflammation based in part on the correlative expression of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene in various pathologies. The resulting high output of the highly reactive molecule nitric oxide is then believed to play an important role in the evolving inflammatory response. Studies have shown(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if antiseptic central venous catheters impregnated with silver sulfadiazine and chlorhexidine (antiseptic) reduce bacterial adherence and biofilm formation without producing local or systemic toxicity. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING Experimental laboratory in a university teaching hospital. SUBJECTS(More)
To investigate the pathogenesis of dystrophic cardiac calcification in mice, we studied myocardial and skeletal muscle (diaphragm) necrosis induced by freeze-thaw injury through the abdominal portion of the diaphragm in DBA/2, C3H/He, and C57BL/6 (control) mice. Two mice from each mouse strain were euthanized 6, 12, 24, and 36 h after the initial(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains are opportunistic pathogens associated with infections in immunocompromised hosts and patients with cystic fibrosis. Like many other mucosal pathogens, P. aeruginosa cells express flagella which provide motility and chemotaxis toward preferred substrates but also provide a ligand for clearance by phagocytic cells. We tested(More)
Clinical chemistry studies in the diagnosis of hamster diseases have received little attention. Although normal values exist for serum constituents, the effects of disease on these values are not well documented. Chronic hepatitis is endemic in several Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) colonies and is reported mainly through routine histologic(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy or treatment with dexamethasone caused a 2.5-fold to threefold increase in both immunoreactive atriopeptin (AP) and AP messenger RNA (mRNA), primarily in left ventricular tissue. The combined treatments increased immunoreactive AP and AP mRNA more than either treatment alone. In the animals in which cardiac hypertrophy had been(More)
Dystrophic cardiac calcinosis (DCC) occurs in certain inbred strains of mice, including DBA/2 and C3H/He, and is generally found as an incidental lesion in adult animals at necropsy. Preliminary genetic studies into the cause of DCC have been performed in DBA/2 mice and suggest that DCC is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait involving three or four(More)
The salivary glands from three African hedgehogs contained multiple foci of cytomegalic cells, which occasionally had a mild to moderate infiltrate of lymphocytes at the periphery. The cytomegalic cells were 35 to 40 microns in diameter with abundant acidophilic granular to hyalin cytoplasm. The nuclei were enlarged with clumped marginalized chromatin and a(More)
Right ventricular hypertrophy produced in rats exposed to 10% oxygen for 3 weeks resulted in a ninefold increase in atriopeptin immunoreactivity (APir) and a 160-fold increase in atriopeptin messenger RNA (AP mRNA) in the right ventricular myocardium. A small but significant increase in left ventricular APir and AP mRNA was also present, probably(More)