Steven P. Tammariello

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are necessary for programmed cell death (PCD) in neurons, but the underlying ROS-producing enzymes have not been identified. NADPH oxidase produces ROS, although the expression of its five subunits are thought to be restricted largely to non-neuronal cells. Here, we show that NADPH oxidase subunits are present in neurons.(More)
Exposure to stressors such as footshock, tailshock, and immobilization have been shown to induce hypothalamic IL-1 production, while other stressors such as restraint, maternal separation, social isolation, and predator exposure have no effect on hypothalamic IL-1 levels. This disparity of findings has led to considerable controversy regarding the ability(More)
The stress activated protein kinase pathway culminates in c-Jun phosphorylation mediated by the Jun Kinases (JNKs). The role of the JNK pathway in sympathetic neuronal death is unclear in that apoptosis is not inhibited by a dominant negative protein of one JNK kinase, SEK1, but is inhibited by CEP-1347, a compound known to inhibit this overall pathway but(More)
Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) is the product of a gene up-regulated in prostate cancer cells undergoing apoptosis. We now report that Par-4 mRNA and protein levels rapidly and progressively increase 4-24 h following trophic factor withdrawal (TFW) in cultured embryonic rat hippocampal neurons. The increased Par-4 levels follow an increase of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) trigger programmed cell death in neonatal sympathetic neurons that have been deprived of nerve growth factor (NGF), however, the source of these oxygen intermediates has not been established. Using laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM), the intracellular distribution of the subunits of the ROS-generating enzyme NADPH(More)
Ceramide manifests both neurotoxic and neuroprotective properties depending on the experimental system. Ito and Horigome previously reported that ceramide delays apoptosis in a classic model of developmental programmed cell death, i.e. sympathetic neurons undergoing NGF deprivation.1 Here, we investigated the actions of ceramide upon the biochemical and(More)
Autoinducer-2, considered a universal signaling molecule, is produced by many species of bacteria; including oral strains. Structurally, autoinducer-2 can exist bound to boron (borated autoinducer-2). Functionally, autoinducer-2 has been linked to important bacterial processes such as virulence and biofilm formation. In order to test production of(More)
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