Steven Noel Emancipator

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IgA nephropathy is the most common glomerular disease worldwide, yet there is no international consensus for its pathological or clinical classification. Here a new classification for IgA nephropathy is presented by an international consensus working group. The goal of this new system was to identify specific pathological features that more accurately(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypotheses that (a) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided radio-frequency (RF) thermal ablation of the vertebrae is feasible in porcine models, (b) procedure safety depends on the location of ablation within the vertebra, and (c) MR imaging allows accurate monitoring of induced thermal lesion size and shape. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten(More)
Pathological classifications in current use for the assessment of glomerular disease have been typically opinion-based and built on the expert assumptions of renal pathologists about lesions historically thought to be relevant to prognosis. Here we develop a unique approach for the pathological classification of a glomerular disease, IgA nephropathy, in(More)
Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome (HUVS) is a syndrome of recurrent urticarial vasculitis, arthralgia/arthritis, and hypocomplementemia. Angioedema, ocular inflammation, glomerulonephritis, and obstructive lung disease are other clinical findings. Although the etiology of HUVS is unknown, its resemblance to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)(More)
To study the predictive value of biopsy lesions in IgA nephropathy in a range of patient ages we retrospectively analyzed the cohort that was used to derive a new classification system for IgA nephropathy. A total of 206 adults and 59 children with proteinuria over 0.5 g/24 h/1.73 m(2) and an eGFR of stage-3 or better were followed for a median of 69(More)
IgA nephropathy has received growing attention since its recognition 18 years ago. In this review the salient demographic, clinical and pathologic features are summarized. Next follows a discussion of the pathogenesis of the disease in light of current clinical and experimental data, with a proposal for classification based upon immune response, disordered(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical use of cyclosporine (CsA) is limited by its nephrotoxicity. Apoptosis, perhaps instigated by increased nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, may play a role in such toxicity. METHODS Human mesangial cells, human tubular cells, human umbilical vein endothelial cells, or murine endothelial cells were cultured with CsA at final(More)
To test the hypothesis that IgA nephropathy can result from a mucosal immune response, mice were orally immunized with one of three protein antigens for 14 wk. Such mice exhibited an essentially pure mucosal antibody response characterized by specific IgA-producing plasma cells in exocrine sites and specific IgA antibodies in serum. Furthermore, 73% of(More)
Contractile mesangial cells (MC) possess a number of macrophage-like characteristics, including oxygen radical generation. We suggest that under certain conditions MC may serve as immune effector cells in glomerulonephritis. Immune complex (IC) deposits are a hallmark of glomerulonephritis. Because IC elicit oxygen radicals from other cell types and because(More)
PURPOSE To determine the feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided and -monitored radio-frequency (RF) ablation of bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seven femurs were treated in five pigs with use of a 0.2-T open MR imager. An 11-gauge bone marrow needle was percutaneously inserted into the distal femur metaphysis with MR fluoroscopy (fast imaging(More)