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  • Influence
Collective Action and Representation in Autocracies: Evidence from Russia’s Great Reforms
We explore the relationship between capacity for collective action and representation in autocracies with data from Imperial Russia. Our primary empirical exercise relates peasant representation inExpand
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Big BRICS, Weak Foundations: The Beginning of Public Elementary Education in Brazil, Russia, India, and China
Our paper provides a comparative perspective on the development of public primary education in four of the largest developing economies circa 1910: Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC). These fourExpand
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The Slow Road from Serfdom: Labor Coercion and Long-Run Development in the Former Russian Empire
This paper examines the long-run economic consequences of Russian serfdom. Employing data on the intensity of labor coercion just prior to emancipation in 1861, we document that a 25 percentage pointExpand
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Russian Inequality on the Eve of Revolution
Careful handling of an eclectic data set reveals how unequal were the incomes of different classes of Russians on the eve of Revolution. We estimate incomes by economic and social class in each ofExpand
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Peasant communes and factor markets in late nineteenth-century Russia
The peasant land commune was the emblematic institutional feature of agrarian Russian society before the Revolution of 1917. Economic historians have long blamed the commune for restricting householdExpand
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Serfdom, Emancipation, and Off-farm Labour Mobility in Tsarist Russia
ABSTRACT Serfdom is the most well known institutional feature of Russia under the Tsars, but its empirical implications for growth and development have rarely been explored. This paper investigatesExpand
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Living Standards in Nineteenth-Century Russia
Most of the studies of living standards in pre-revolutionary Russia by economic historians have focused on a narrow range of measures for predominantly urban areas. A micro-level analysis thatExpand
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Big BRICs, weak foundations: The beginning of public elementary education in Brazil, Russia, India, and China
Our paper provides a comparative perspective on the development of public primary education in four of the largest developing economies circa 1910: Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC). These fourExpand
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Did Ivan's vote matter? The political economy of local democracy in Tsarist Russia
Russia's emancipation of the serfs was accompanied by numerous other measures aimed at modernizing the Tsarist economy and society. Among these ‘Great Reforms’ was the creation of a new institutionExpand
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Russian Serfdom, Emancipation, and Land Inequality: New Evidence
Serfdom is often viewed as a major institutional constraint on the economic development of Tsarist Russia, one that persisted well after emancipation occurred in 1861 through the ways that propertyExpand
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