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Although pentobarbital sodium (NP) anesthesia has been shown to depress left ventricular (LV) contractility in dogs, measurements of LV contractility in previous studies have been made soon after a bolus of NP was given when serum concentrations would be extremely high. In this study, we compared indexes of LV contractility during awake and anesthetized(More)
Depressed left ventricular (LV) contractility in sepsis has been ascribed to the presence of circulating cardiodepressant substance (filterable cardiodepressant factor in sepsis [FCS]); however, this finding is controversial. The authors hypothesized that if a decrease in LV contractility indeed occurred due to a circulating depressant substance, then(More)
We examined the changes in vascular and interstitial mechanics in pulmonary emphysema (PE) using a canine lobar model. PE was produced in the left lower lobe (LLL) of five dogs (group E) by six weekly intrabronchial instillations of the enzyme papain. In five control dogs (group C), a normal saline solution was used. In our in vivo preparation, vascular(More)
Patients with pneumococcal pneumonia are often given fluids intravenously for hydration and maintenance of circulating blood volume. We studied the effects of plasma volume expansion on respiratory gas exchange and pneumonia size in a canine model of lobar pneumonia. Seven ventilated anesthetized dogs (Group T) with left lower lobe pneumococcal pneumonia(More)
BACKGROUND Previous guidelines recommend doubling the daily dose of maintenance inhaled corticosteroid to treat or prevent progression of exacerbations of asthma. METHODS Over a 6 month period a cohort of patients were evaluated prospectively and randomised in a double blind controlled trial to treatment with either a continued maintenance dose (MD) of(More)
OBJECTIVE Lung volume reduction surgery has been shown to be an effective treatment for selected patients with advanced emphysema. Nevertheless, prolonged air leaks are a significant complication that limits the utility of this procedure. This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of a novel surgical system designed to minimize this complication. (More)
BACKGROUND Epinephrine (Epi) is the treatment of choice for reversing cardiovascular collapse in anaphylactic shock (AS). However, there are few data supporting its use in this condition, and most treatment guidelines have been anecdotally derived. In the present study, the time course of hemodynamic recovery from maximal hypotension was investigated in a(More)
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is one of the vasculitides that is included in the pulmonary renal syndromes. Pathologically, MPA has been defined as necrotizing vasculitis with few or no immune deposits, primarily affecting small vessels including arterioles, venules, or capillaries. Pulmonary interstitial fibrosis (PIF) as an accompanying manifestation in(More)
We investigated the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on respiratory gas exchange and pulmonary perfusion in 10 dogs with left lower lobe (LLL) pneumonia. In 6 dogs, measurements were made with the chest closed and 12 cmH2O were applied; in 4 other open-chest dogs (group O), 6 cmH2O were used. Both groups showed similar changes, and the(More)
PURPOSE In septic shock, myocardial dysfunction develops over the course of illness, but the mechanism of this depression is not clear. In this study, mechanisms of myocardial dysfunction were examined in a porcine model of Escherichia coli sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Animals were subjected to 4 hours of bacteria infusion (n = 5) (septic group) or(More)