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OBJECTIVE To evaluate lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) and its effectiveness in improving pulmonary function, exercise capacity and quality of life in a population of emphysema patients referred to and screened in a single centre. DESIGN A prospective case series. SETTING A Canadian tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS Patients with severe emphysema,(More)
BACKGROUND In chronic obstructive lung disease, a right to left ventricular septal shift that occurs as a consequence of right ventricular pressure overload is the usual mechanism given to explain a decrease in left ventricular (LV) diastolic performance. The purpose of the present study was to examine the extent to which this mechanism could account for a(More)
We previously showed that lysozyme (Lzm-S), derived from leukocytes, caused myocardial depression in canine sepsis by binding to the endocardial endothelium to release nitric oxide (NO). NO then diffuses to adjacent myocytes to activate the cGMP pathway. In a canine right ventricular trabecular (RVT) preparation, Lzm-S also decreased the inotropic response(More)
Although hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a well-described reactive oxygen species that is known for its cytotoxic effects and associated tissue injury, H2O2 has recently been established as an important signaling molecule. We previously demonstrated that lysozyme (Lzm-S), a mediator of sepsis that is released from leukocytes, could produce vasodilation in a(More)
RATIONALE In severe pulmonary emphysema, lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) improves pulmonary function over a 2-yr period in selected patients. However, the changes in lung function and maximal flow (Vmax) occurring immediately postoperatively are not clear and may contribute to the high morbidity observed. In the present study, we used a chronic canine(More)
BACKGROUND The development of lactic acidemia (LA) in septic shock (SS) is associated with an ominous prognosis. We previously showed that the mechanism of LA in SS may relate to impaired hepatic uptake of lactate, but the mechanism was not clear. Uptake of lactate by the liver occurs by a membrane-associated, pH-dependent, antiport system known as the(More)
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