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The influence of sludge retention time (SRT) on the extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and physicochemical properties (hydrophobicity and surface charge) of sludge was studied using laboratory-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) fed a synthetic wastewater containing glucose and inorganic salts. Sludge surfaces were more hydrophobic (larger contact(More)
Integrated fixed-film activated sludge systems (IFFAS) may achieve year-round nitrification or gain additional treatment capacity due to the presence of both flocs and biofilms, and the potential for multiple redox states and long solids retention time. Flocs and biofilms are distinctive microbial structures and characterization of the physicochemical and(More)
An anaerobic microbial consortium able to biodegrade saturation levels of perchloroethylene (PCE) in a column containing a source zone of PCE was examined phylogenetically to determine microbial community structure and spatial variation in relation to the PCE source. The consortium was comprised of at least 34 members with 7 organisms sharing affiliations(More)
The performance and microbiology of two inorganic biofilters treating dimethyl sulphide (DMS) in the presence and absence of methanol was investigated. Addition of methanol was shown to result in an increase in DMS removal for methanol loadings below 90 g MeOH per cubic metre per hour with the optimal methanol loading around 10-15 g MeOH per cubic metre per(More)
Estrogen receptors (ERs) are nuclear transcription factors that regulate gene expression in response to estrogen and estrogen-like compounds. Identification of estrogen-regulated genes in target cells is an essential step toward understanding the molecular mechanisms of estrogen action. Using cDNA microarray examinations, 19 genes were identified as induced(More)
Two submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactors (SAnMBRs) (thermophilic vs. mesophilic) were operated for a period of 3.5 months with kraft evaporator condensate at a feed chemical oxygen demand of 10,000 mg/L. The results show that the filtration behavior of the two systems was significantly different. The filtration resistance in the thermophilic SAnMBR was(More)
Understanding the transport behavior, survival, and persistence of pathogens such as Escherichia coli O157:H7 in the subsurface is essential to protection of public health. In this study, the transport of E. coli O157:H7 in a two-dimensional bench-scale sand aquifer system, hereafter referred to as the sandbox, was investigated, with a focus on the impact(More)
Air emissions from the pulp and paper industry frequently contain reduced sulfur compounds (RSC), such as dimethyl sulfide (DMS) mixed with volatile organic compounds (VOC) (e.g., methanol, MeOH) and it is desirable to treat either one or both of these groups of compounds. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of VOC (MeOH) on the(More)
Resin acids, a group of diterpenoid carboxylic acids present mainly in softwood species, are present in many pulp mill effluents and toxic to fish in recipient waters. They are considered to be readily biodegradable. However, their removal across biological treatment systems has been shown to vary. Recent studies indicate that natural resin acids and(More)
The measurement of carbon dioxide production rates as an indication of metabolic activity was applied to study biofilm development and response of Pseudomonas sp. biofilms to an environmental disturbance in the form of a moving air-liquid interface (i.e., shear). A differential response in biofilm cohesiveness was observed after bubble perturbation, and the(More)