Learn More
The elucidation of breast cancer subgroups and their molecular drivers requires integrated views of the genome and transcriptome from representative numbers of patients. We present an integrated analysis of copy number and gene expression in a discovery and validation set of 997 and 995 primary breast tumours, respectively, with long-term clinical(More)
It is generally assumed that sister chromatids are genetically and functionally identical and that segregation to daughter cells is a random process. However, functional differences between sister chromatids regulate daughter cell fate in yeast and sister chromatid segregation is not random in Escherichia coli. Differentiated sister chromatids, coupled with(More)
PURPOSE Basal-like breast cancer is associated with high grade, poor prognosis, and younger patient age. Clinically, a triple-negative phenotype definition [estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2, all negative] is commonly used to identify such cases. EGFR and cytokeratin 5/6 are readily available(More)
BACKGROUND Although it has long been appreciated that ovarian carcinoma subtypes (serous, clear cell, endometrioid, and mucinous) are associated with different natural histories, most ovarian carcinoma biomarker studies and current treatment protocols for women with this disease are not subtype specific. With the emergence of high-throughput molecular(More)
MLL5 is a divergent member of the Drosophila Trithorax-related (SET) domain and plant homeodomain (PHD) domain-containing chromatin regulators that are involved in the regulation of transcriptional "memory" during differentiation. Human MLL5 is located on chromosome 7q22, which frequently is deleted in myeloid leukemias, suggesting a possible role in(More)
The genomic landscape of breast cancer is complex, and inter- and intra-tumour heterogeneity are important challenges in treating the disease. In this study, we sequence 173 genes in 2,433 primary breast tumours that have copy number aberration (CNA), gene expression and long-term clinical follow-up data. We identify 40 mutation-driver (Mut-driver) genes,(More)
With the use of a newly developed Imaging Cryomicrotome to determine the spatial location of fluorescent microspheres in organs, we validate and report our processing algorithms for measuring regional blood flow in small laboratory animals. Microspheres (15-microm diameter) of four different fluorescent colors and one radioactive label were simultaneously(More)
Despite the heterogeneous distribution of regional pulmonary perfusion over space, local perfusion remains stable over short time periods (20-100 min). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the spatial distribution of pulmonary perfusion remains stable over longer time periods (1-5 days). Regional blood flow was measured each day for 5 days in(More)
Mature mammary epithelial cells are generated from undifferentiated precursors through a hierarchical process, but the molecular mechanisms involved, particularly in the human mammary gland, are poorly understood. To address this issue, we isolated highly purified subpopulations of primitive bipotent and committed luminal progenitor cells as well as mature(More)
Amplification at the 11q13 locus is commonly observed in breast, ovarian, head and neck, oral, and esophageal cancer. Studies of this region led to the identification of multiple amplicons containing several potential oncogenes including EMSY, PAK1, RSF1, and GAB2. Here, we investigate the amplification of the above four genes and their prognostic(More)