Steven M van Gaalen

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BACKGROUND CONTEXT Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages have been widely used during the past decade in patients with degenerative disorders of the cervical spine. Their radiolucency and low elastic modulus make them attractive attributes for spinal fusion compared with titanium and bone graft. Still, limitations are seen such as pseudoarthrosis, subsidence,(More)
The use of fluorochromes in bone research is a widely accepted technique that dates back to the 1950s. Several pioneers, such as Harold Frost, have thoroughly investigated the potential of fluorochrome use for the study on bone formation and bone remodeling dynamics. Since the development of bone tissue engineering, a renewed interest in the benefits of(More)
Alternatives to the use of autologous bone as a bone graft in spine surgery are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine tissue-engineered bone constructs in comparison with control scaffolds without cells in a posterior spinal implantation model in rats. Syngeneic bone marrow cells were cultured in the presence of bone differentiation factors and(More)
In this paper, we discuss the current knowledge and achievements on bone tissue engineering with regard to spinal fusion and highlight the technique that employs hybrid constructs of porous scaffolds with bone marrow stromal cells. These hybrid constructs potentially function in a way comparable to the present golden standard, the autologous bone graft,(More)
The mal-positioning of total hip arthroplasty components can result in edge loading conditions. Purpose of this study was to determine if the wear rate of ceramic-on-ceramic and metal-on-polyethylene increases under edge loading conditions. The literature was reviewed to determine which of the commonly used hip bearings is the most forgiving to implant(More)
Most current methods for cell monitoring on 3D porous scaffolds involve end-stage investigation of scaffolds. Repeated measurements on scaffolds, without disturbing cell vitality and proliferation, are needed to relate in vitro to in vivo data. Alamar Blue was used for this purpose. Two different Ca/P scaffolds were studied, using rat BMSCs with three(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of implant location on bone formation in goats using autologous bone marrow-derived stromal cells in porous calcium phosphate scaffolds. Intramuscular locations were compared to posterolateral spine fusion locations in eight goats. As scaffolds, we used biphasic calcium phosphate porous blocks of 5 x 5 x 5(More)
BACKGROUND Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages have been widely used in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disorders, and show good clinical results. Still, complications such as subsidence and migration of the cage are frequently seen. A lack of osteointegration and fibrous tissues surrounding PEEK cages are held responsible. Ceramic implants made of(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the 5-year survival of the uncemented Optan anatomically adapted femoral stem, with revision for aseptic loosening as the endpoint. METHODS Between January 2004 and March 2007, 432 total hip arthroplasties (THAs) were performed in 432 patients. After follow-up for a mean time of 5 years, the patients were evaluated using the WOMAC(More)
Little is known about the clinical application of highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) blended with vitamin E. This study evaluates an uncemented iso-elastic monoblock cup with vitamin E blended HXLPE. 112 patients were followed up for 2years. 95.5% completed the follow-up. The mean VAS score for patient satisfaction was 8.8 and the mean Harris Hip(More)