Steven M. Young

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BACKGROUND Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) represents 20% of newly diagnosed breast carcinoma cases. Historically, the incidence of axillary metastasis in DCIS has been small (1-2%) and its significance has been debated. It is widely known that serial sections of lymph nodes coupled with keratin immunohistochemistry (IHC) increases identification of(More)
Telementoring offers the possibility of making extended education oversight available on a cost-effective, large-scale basis. It expands the mentor/proctor pool and makes these educational assets more widely available to assist in protecting the public. However, it is an application that if haphazardly implemented rapidly losses its effectiveness and is(More)
One hundred and fifty women who attended the routine genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic at the Leicester Royal Infirmary (LRI) between August 1993 and February 1994 completed a questionnaire enquiring into a past history of sexual assault. Of these, 52 (34.7%) confirmed that they had been assaulted previously, 18 below the age of 16, 22 after this age and(More)
Isolated microscopic haematuria is a common finding in the genitourinary clinic. The conventional approach to investigation includes urological referral for cystourethroscopy if renal imaging is normal. However the diagnostic yield is very low; in particular urothelial malignancy at age < 40 years is rare. Glomerular disease is increasingly recognized as a(More)
The morphology index (Mi) of Candida albicans cells was determined by microscopic image analysis in vaginal smears from 26 patients. The morphology of the cells typically showed a broad distribution of forms, but the mean Mi was greater than 2.0 in 23/26 instances, indicating a preponderance of pseudohyphal and hyphal forms. No association could be found(More)
OBJECTIVES Tabletop inanimate trainers have proven to be a safe, inexpensive, and convenient platform for developing laparoscopic skills. Historically, programs that utilize these trainers rely on subjective evaluation of errors and time as the only measures of performance. Virtual reality simulators offer more extensive data collection capability, but they(More)
One-hundred-and-fifty male patients who attended the department of genitourinary medicine (GUM) completed a questionnaire which enquired into a past history of sexual assault and asked certain details about the assault and various sequelae of such an experience. Twenty-one men gave a history of sexual assault, 11 of whom had been abused before the age of(More)
We sought to ascertain general practitioners' (GPs) views on their patients' attendances at genitourinary medicine (GUM) departments regarding methods of referral, record keeping and supplying of information to insurance companies. A questionnaire was sent to 429 local GPs of whom 294 (68%) responded. A written means of referral was less likely for HIV than(More)