Steven M Vroegop

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N18-RE-105 neuron-derived hybridoma cells were employed to determine the location and degree of damage induced by each of three reactive oxygen species (ROS) generators: 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), H2O2, and cumene hydroperoxide. Two readily distinguishable plasma membrane markers were used to assess cell surface damage, namely the active transport of(More)
Human nerve growth factor (NGF) was cloned and engineered for expression in a baculovirus-infected Spodoptera frugiperda (SF-9) insect cell system. Culture supernatants contained 2-3 mg/L of recombinant human NGF. The human NGF produced by this system was purified to apparent homogeneity with a single-step affinity chromatography procedure using a(More)
Although the cancer cell cytoskeleton is a clinically validated target, few new strategies have emerged for selectively targeting cell division by modulating the cytoskeletal structure, particularly ways that could avoid the cardiotoxic and neurotoxic effects of current agents such as taxanes. We address this gap by describing a novel class of(More)
In high-throughput screening (HTS) for drug candidates from a library containing tens of thousands to millions of chemical compounds, one problem is assessing the sensitivity of an assay for detecting compounds with a particular potency. For example, when looking for inhibitors of an enzyme, what is the potency of an inhibitor that will be readily detected(More)
Monoclonal anti-NGF antibodies that specifically inhibit the biological activity of mouse beta-NGF were used to study the structural determinants involved in the interaction of NGF with its receptors gp75LNGFR and Trk. None of the three antibodies--N60, M15, and 27/21--showed any reactivity toward denatured NGF. Three experimental methods--radioimmunoassay(More)
Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) is a T cell mitogen with properties different from the plant lectin mitogens. We examined the stimulation of mitogenesis induced by SEB in BALB/c mouse spleen cells and its relationship to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and related cell surface proteins. Based on the ability of specific monoclonal antibodies to(More)
Oil-in-water emulsions are being used increasingly for the delivery of lipophilic drugs, but the fundamental physicochemical principles governing such delivery have not been explored. We determined the kinetics and thermodynamics of delivery from emulsions to cells in culture for two lipophilic compounds, U74006 and U74500. Two fundamental properties(More)
We compared the receptor binding, antigenicity, biological activation, and cell-mediated proteolytic degradation properties of mouse nerve growth factor (mNGF) and human NGF (hNGF). The affinity of hNGF toward human NGF-receptor is greater than that of mNGF, but the affinity of mNGF toward rat NGF-receptor is greater than that of hNGF. Thus, the specificity(More)
We showed previously that a 5-halo-6-phenyl-pyrimidinone, bropirimine (PNU-54461), inhibited progression of severe experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of human multiple sclerosis. In the work presented here, we examined the activity of a group of chemically-related bropirimine analogues. First, the pharmacokinetic properties of(More)