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OBJECTIVE Available evidence suggests tinnitus arises from excessive spontaneous activity in the left superior temporal gyrus, and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may suppress this activity. Our hypothesis is that rTMS applied to this region would decrease tinnitus complaints in veterans. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, nonrandomized trial.(More)
This article presents the well established theoretical base and clinical practice of exposure therapy for trauma. Necessary requirements for positive treatment results and contraindicated procedures are reviewed. EMDR is contrasted with these requirements and procedures. By the definitions and clinical practice of exposure therapy, the classification of(More)
Found substantial support for DSM-III's criteria for Post-Traumatic Stress using 405 Vietnam combat veterans. The results also suggested that some additional symptoms such as depression and anger be included as major signs, especially when one is dealing with Vietnam veterans. A comparison of symptom intensity was made between Vietnam veterans and(More)
Recent practice guidelines and meta-analyses have designated eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) as a first-line treatment for trauma. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is an eight-phase therapeutic approach guided by an information-processing model that addresses the combat veteran's critical incidents, current triggers, and(More)
Conducting tinnitus research on humans poses challenges for investigators because of its subjective nature, the complexities involved in establishing underlying generator sites, the diversity of potential causes, and the inherent difficulties in dissociating reactive changes in the central nervous system (CNS), secondary to peripheral hearing loss, from(More)
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