Steven M . Shaw

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The progressive syndrome of chronic heart failure (CHF) represents a common disease pathway that may be derived from a host of varying insults (including myocardial ischaemia and infarction, hypertension, viral infection, pregnancy, etc). Despite this multifarious aetiology, a common phenomena observed in CHF patients is elevated levels of tumour necrosis(More)
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a marker of diagnosis and prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure. Stored in ventricular myocytes, it is released during ventricular stretch and increased transmural pressure. However, BNP behaves unusually after cardiac transplantation, with a failure to return to normal levels. This raises a question over(More)
Despite current treatment options, the clinical course of patients with chronic heart failure is notoriously difficult to predict. Among those with similar etiologies, ejection fractions, and patient demographics, our understanding of why such variations in outcomes exist remains limited. Evidence that has been progressively gathered implicates an important(More)
OBJECTIVES Linezolid, the only commercially available oxazolidinone, is indicated for the treatment of Gram-positive infections, although little has been published specifically on its use in the critically ill. A randomized, prospective study was therefore performed to compare linezolid with the glycopeptide antibiotic, teicoplanin, for the treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Serial surveillance endomyocardial biopsies are performed in patients who have recently undergone heart transplantation in order to detect acute cardiac allograft rejection (ACAR) before symptoms occur, however the biopsy process is associated with a number of limitations. This study aimed to prospectively and longitudinally evaluate the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of enhanced cleaning of the near-patient environment on the isolation of hospital pathogens from the bed area and staff hands. DESIGN Prospective randomized crossover study over the course of 1 yr. SETTING Intensive care units at two teaching hospitals. PATIENTS There were 1252 patients staying during enhanced(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the degree of environmental contamination with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in critical care and the likelihood of subsequent new patient acquisition if carriers were or were not moved to single rooms. DESIGN Randomized sequential sampling of bed areas. SETTING Intensive care units of two teaching hospitals. (More)
BACKGROUND Statins are LDL lowering agents that reduce cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) incidence after cardiac transplantation. Furthermore, 'pleiotropic effects' including immunomodulation have been demonstrated by statins following transplantation. It has also been previously suggested that ezetimibe may exert specific effects on the innate immune(More)
DM is an independent risk factor for the development of HF and its presence confers an adverse prognosis for those already diagnosed with HF.TZDs are potent insulin-sensitisers associated with a number of beneficial cardiovascular effects. However,TZDs increase renal sodium and water reabsorption, leading to fluid retention and overt signs of HF in patients(More)
Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) is instituted in patients with advanced heart failure, some of who may experience sufficient recovery in cardiac function to allow withdrawal of mechanical support. The incidence of left ventricular recovery with MCS is unclear as reported series in the literature demonstrate widely divergent rates. A number of clinical(More)