Steven M. Miller

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Binocular rivalry occurs when conflicting images are presented in corresponding locations of the two eyes. Perception alternates between the images at a rate that is relatively stable within individuals but that varies widely between individuals. The determinants of this variation are unknown. In addition, slow binocular rivalry has been demonstrated in(More)
CD38/cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose (cADPR) signaling plays an important role in the regulation of intracellular calcium responses to agonists in a variety of cells, including airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. The present study was aimed at determining the effect of interleukin (IL)-13, a cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma, on CD38/cADPR(More)
in E2 binding [17]. The equivalent position typically contains an aromatic or hydrophobic residue in the RING fingers and particularly in the U box, where it is almost invariably aromatic (Figure 1). The structural models show that this aromatic residue in the RING fingers and in the U-box domain is exposed (Figure 2) and could directly contribute to(More)
In addressing the scientific study of consciousness, Crick and Koch state, “It is probable that at any moment some active neuronal processes in your head correlate with consciousness, while others do not: what is the difference between them?” (1998, p. 97). Evidence from electrophysiological and brain-imaging studies of binocular rivalry supports the(More)
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and caloric vestibular stimulation (CVS) are safe methods for selectively modulating cortical excitability and activation, respectively, which have recently received increased interest regarding possible clinical applications. tDCS involves the application of low currents to the scalp via cathodal and anodal(More)
OBJECTIVE Caloric vestibular stimulation (CVS) has traditionally been used as a tool for neurological diagnosis. More recently, however, it has been applied to a range of phenomena within the cognitive neurosciences. Here, we provide an overview of such studies and review our work using CVS to investigate the neural mechanisms of a visual phenomenon -(More)
Exceptions, situations that cannot be correctly processed by computer systems, occur frequently in computer-based information processes. Five perspectives on exceptions provide insights into why exceptions occur and how they might be eliminated or more efficiently handled. We investigate these perspectives using an in-depth study of an operating information(More)
The regulated delivery of Glut4-containing vesicles to the plasma membrane is a specialised example of regulated membrane trafficking. Present models favour the transporter trafficking through two inter-related endosomal cycles. The first is the proto-typical endosomal system. This is a fast trafficking event that, in the absence of insulin, serves to(More)
The early interest in selenium related primarily to its toxicity, but since 1957 the element has been recognized as a dietary essential. The dietary requirement for selenium by most species is about .1 ppm. Deficiencies of selenium in cattle and sheep have been confirmed under natural grazing conditions in many countries of the world. Overt signs of(More)
Gastrointestinal (GI) motility results from the coordinated actions of enteric neurons, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), and smooth muscle cells. The GI tract of the zebrafish has a cellular anatomy that is essentially similar to humans. Although enteric nerves and smooth muscle cells have been described, it is unknown if ICC are present in the zebrafish.(More)