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OBJECTIVES To compare three different methods of falls reporting and examine the characteristics of the data missing from the hospital incident reporting system. DESIGN Fourteen-month prospective observational study nested within a randomized controlled trial. SETTING Rehabilitation, stroke, medical, surgical, and orthopedic wards in Perth and Brisbane,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare different reliability coefficients (exact agreement, and variations of the kappa (generalised, Cohen's and Prevalence Adjusted and Biased Adjusted (PABAK))) for four physiotherapists conducting visual assessments of scapulae. DESIGN Inter-therapist reliability study. SETTING Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS 30 individuals with no(More)
INTRODUCTION Axillary web syndrome (AWS) can result in early post-operative and long-term difficulties following lymphadenectomy for cancer and should be recognised by clinicians. This systematic review was conducted to synthesise information on AWS clinical presentation and diagnosis, frequency, natural progression, grading, pathoaetiology, risk factors,(More)
BACKGROUND Proxy-reporting has been proposed as an alternative to self-report of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for patients with poor cognition. There are 2 possible perspectives from which to complete a proxy-report, answer as the patient would (proxy-patient) or from the proxy's own perspective (proxy-proxy). Most research has not differentiated(More)
STUDY DESIGN Delphi panel and cohort study. OBJECTIVE To develop and refine a condition-specific, patient-reported outcome measure, the Ankle Fracture Outcome of Rehabilitation Measure (A-FORM), and to examine its psychometric properties, including factor structure, reliability, and validity, by assessing item fit with the Rasch model. BACKGROUND To our(More)
BACKGROUND Falls are a common adverse event during hospitalization of older adults, and few interventions have been shown to prevent them. METHODS This study was a 3-group randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of 2 forms of multimedia patient education compared with usual care for the prevention of in-hospital falls. Older hospital patients (n = 1206)(More)
BACKGROUND Physiotherapy and occupational therapy are two professions at high risk of work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMD). This investigation aimed to identify risk factors for WRMD as perceived by the health professionals working in these roles (Aim 1), as well as current and future strategies they perceive will allow them to continue to work in(More)
BACKGROUND Physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor for many chronic conditions and a leading cause of premature mortality. An increasing proportion of adults worldwide are not engaging in a level of physical activity sufficient to prevent or alleviate these adverse effects. Medical professionals have been identified as potentially powerful sources(More)
BACKGROUND Musculoskeletal conditions and insufficient physical activity have substantial personal and economic costs among contemporary aging societies. This study examined the age distribution, comorbid health conditions, body mass index (BMI), self-reported physical activity levels, and health-related quality of life of patients accessing ambulatory(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the effectiveness of a digital video disc (DVD) with that of a written workbook delivering falls prevention education to older hospital patients on self-perceived risk of falls, perception of falls epidemiology, knowledge of prevention strategies, and motivation and confidence to engage in self-protective strategies. To compare the(More)