Steven M. Larson

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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is an autosomal dominant neurological disorder caused by the expansion of a CAG repeat encoding a polyglutamine tract. Work presented here describes the behavioral and neuropathological course seen in mutant SCA1 transgenic mice. Behavioral tests indicate that at 5 weeks of age mutant mice have an impaired performance on(More)
Radioiodine ablation (RA) of normal thyroid remnants after thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma improves the sensitivity of subsequent radioiodine scans and serum thyroglobulin measurements for detection of residual thyroid carcinoma. Local cancer recurrences are also lower after RA. One standard preparation for RA involves rendering the(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) determined with H2(15)O positron emission tomographic imaging can identify neural circuits affected by centrally acting drugs. METHODS Fourteen volunteers received one of two midazolam infusions adjusted according to electroencephalographic response. Low or high midazolam effects were identified(More)
We report a series of studies that assess the feasibility and sensitivity of imaging of herpes virus type one thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) gene transfer and expression with [124I]-5-iodo-2'-fluoro-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyluracil ([124I]-FIAU) and positron emission tomography (PET) and the ability of [124I]-FIAU-PET imaging to discriminate different levels of(More)
PURPOSE (18)Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) is widely used for the staging of lymphoma. We investigated whether the intensity of tumor FDG uptake could differentiate between indolent and aggressive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS PET studies of 97 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who were untreated or had relapsed and/or(More)
UNLABELLED The routine use of PET/CT fusion imaging in a large oncology practice has led to the realization that (18)F-FDG uptake into normal fat and muscle can be a common source of potentially misleading false-positive PET imaging in the neck, thorax, and abdomen. The goal of this study was to characterize this normal variant of (18)F-FDG uptake in terms(More)
PURPOSE The development of tumor-specific markers to select targeted therapies and to assess clinical outcome remains a significant area of unmet need. We evaluated the association of baseline circulating tumor cell (CTC) number with clinical characteristics and survival in patients with castrate metastatic disease considered for different hormonal and(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether positron emission tomography (PET) with fluorine-18 (18F)-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) can be used as a prognostic test in patients with high-grade cerebral gliomas, regardless of the treatment given. Forty-five patients with astrocytoma Grade III or IV were included in this analysis. The mean survival time of patients(More)
BACKGROUND It is common protocol in radionuclide therapies to administer a tracer dose of a radiopharmaceutical, determine its lesion uptake and biodistribution by gamma imaging, and then use this information to determine the most effective therapeutic dose. This treatment planning approach can be used to quantitate accurately the activity and volume of(More)
PURPOSE Patients with recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) in this patient population. PATIENTS AND METHODS We performed a retrospective review of 143 patients with(More)